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bioethics questions and definitions

1. Which of the following would be considered acts of negligence?

1.Patient falls off the examination table
2.Incorrect therapeutic dose of radiation is given
3.Smashing a patient's hand against the wall while transporting
4.Leaving an incoherent patient unattended

2. Describe three patient rights articulated in the Patient's Bill of Rights.

4. The "scope of practice" for the radiologic technologist
a.Could never be used in a court of law
b.Describes the responsibilities of the technologist
c.Can be used to defend t he actions of a nurse
d.Can be used to defend the actions of a physician

5. What is the rationale for formulating and publicizing a code of ethics?

7. Non-maleficence occurs when which of the following takes place?
a.Good is done
b.Evil is avoided
c.Evil is done
d.Good is avoided

8. Define therapeutic privilege.

9. You receive a call from a secretary in another department wanting to know what type of examination Miss Carter is having and what the latest progress note reads in her chart. You would respond:
a.I'm sorry but I am not allowed to give that information over the phone, it is confidential information
b.The physician is at lunch, call back in an hour
c.I'll call you back just as soon as I locate her chart
d.I'll call you back just as soon as I review her chart

What ethical principle supports your response?

10. What are two ethical problem-solving theories?

11. How could you avoid being accused of assault in the clinical setting?

12. For defamation to be proven, a false statement must be made/published about another and:
a.The publisher must be at fault at least to the degree of negligence
b. The statement must be harmful to the subject's reputation
c.Harm must have resulted form the publication
d.All of the above

14. Define the following:

Biomedical ethics-

Unintentional tort-

Unlawful restraint-

16. Informed consent should include the following:


17. Paternalism is defined as which of the following?
a.Mother-like care taking
b.Father-like (God-like) care taking
d.None of the above

18. The legal criteria for the use of restraint includes all but one of the following"
a.The restraint is discontinued as soon as practicable
b.Restraint that has not been consented to is needed to protect the patient
c.Restraint that has not been consented to is needed to protect health care team members
d.Restraint has to be in the form of intravenous drug

19. An imaging or therapy professional's part in a lawsuit may include being a witness or a defendant.

20. Discuss three ethical principles presented in Hippocrates Oath for physicians.

21. The signed consent form could never be introduced into court during litigation.

23. In some instances, confidential information regarding a patient may be disclosed.
Give 2 examples of such instances.

27. The clinician has no right to refuse to care for a patient when the reason for refusing is related to personal beliefs.

28. Laws in place regarding the reporting elder abuse and child abuse supports:
a.The principle of autonomy
b.The principle of beneficence
c.The principle of non-maleficence
d.The principle of justice

30. How might you prevent being accused of "invading privacy" of patients in the clinical setting?

Solution Preview

1. d

• The patient has the right to considerate and respectful care.
• The patient has the right to every consideration of privacy. Case discussion, consultation, examination, and treatment should be conducted so as to protect each patient's privacy.
• The patient has the right to review the records about his/her care and to have the information explained or interpreted as necessary, except when restricted by law.

4. b.Describes the responsibilities of the technologist
(Scope of Practice, 2004)
c.Can be used to defend t he actions of a nurse
d.Can be used to defend the actions of a physician

A code of ethics establishes a benchmark for self-evaluation and promotes responsibility and cooperative relationships (Sullivan, 2009). A code of ethics can also instill confidence in those utilizing the services of a practioner/professional who subscribes to the code of ethics.

7. b.Evil is avoided

The standard of disclosure, set by law, of risks of treatment and alternative procedures that should normally be disclosed to patients. Therapeutic privilege has ...

Solution Summary

Responses to questions regarding ethics