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Reviewing and critically appraising the research literature

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Many students find it difficult to write a rigorous literature review, which is an essential starting point for any study. They can often identify papers and write a brief description of what they are about, but omit some important points.

They do not understand the purpose of the review for their particular study so are too inclusive, not selecting ony appropriate texts for review.

They fail to make a critical appraisal of the papers they review alongside the description of the content.

They find it difficult to organise the review to avoid a repetitive style and invariably include their own opinion of the texts which is not relevant.

This solution gives some guidelines which should help to overcome the problems.

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Literature Reviews - the purpose, process and presentation

Any project or study, which aims to answer questions or solve problems through research, evaluation or practice development, should aim to widen the knowledge base and enhance understanding of the topic it addresses. A critical appraisal of the existing literature is an essential starting point.

A literature review may be carried out:
· as part of an academic assignment or in writing-up a dissertation
· when preparing a research proposal and writing a research report
· as part of the change management strategy for an area of practice.

The purpose of a literature review is to:
· find out what has already been written in ...

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Hypothesis, Literature review, research design: Biases and Judgments

See attached files.

Part 1

For this assignment, use the same hypothesis and the Literature Review from your IP1 (Part 2) assignment and compose a theoretical framework (Step 4 of the Sekaran process). Use the components of a theoretical framework described in the Sekaran textbook as well as the examples contained in the textbook and in published research. Additionally, use sources available on the web, the library, and from the textbook to support your arguments. Remember to include these sources in the references section of your paper.

Part 2

Using figure 6.2 of Sekaran as a guideline, write a Scientific Research Design (Step 6) appropriate for the hypothesis and the Literature Review from the IP1 and the theoretical framework you have prepared for Part 1 of this IP2. Include the type of investigation needed, the study setting, the unit of analysis, and your recommended time horizon for the study. Also offer your assessment on the extent of 'researcher interference' (pp. 127-129) and any ethical considerations that may arise from the research design you are proposing.

Part 3

Think about the business decision you discussed in Unit 1's Discussion Board. Your supervisor had asked that you expand on your self-evaluation by identifying at least two judgment issues that you had to address. Write a memo to your supervisor describing these issues. Explain how you addressed them and the degree to which your decision was based on expedience and/or reflection. Potential issues include: bias, or ethical issues related to the availability heuristic, bias related to the representative heuristic, bias related to anchoring and adjustment, avoiding uncertainty, framing effects, positive illusions, egocentrism, and regret avoidance.

Your assignment should consist of an abstract, a short introduction, and conclusion in addition to the body of the paper using MS Word 2007.

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