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Evaluating Existing Research Methodologies

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In this question you will evaluate existing methodologies.
Evaluate the methodology used to conduct the research in the below articles (see below).
How has this problem or question been studied in the past?
in your opinion , What methodology would be most useful in addressing this research problem or question,why?

Aschinger, H. K. S. (2012), Job and career satisfaction and turnover intentions of newly graduated nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 20: 472-484. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01293.x

Chan, E. Y., & Morrison, P. (2000). Factors influencing the retention and turnover intentions of registered nurses in a Singapore hospital. Nursing & Health Sciences, 2(2), 113-121.

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Solution Preview

The attached article, Cavanaugh (1989), although written in 1989, discusses the history of turnover research and differences in methodology. One issue he brings up is the importance of comparing non-nursing turnover with that seen in nursing. The reasoning is because nursing research methodology is often adopted from non-nursing research, and when studying a specific facility, comparing non-nursing positions can give further insight into the problem.

Both articles from your assignment provide cross-sectional descriptive analysis of turnover. The studies both appear to be based on quantitative, statistical analysis of only nurses. Looking at the article I attached, and a few that I skimmed through Abstracts for, this type of analysis might be effective for a targeted site, but when used across various locations, conflicting information is seen. A couple reasons for this might be 1) the problem is site specific, or 2) each site or research project defines the variables differently.

Instead of doing a cross-sectional study on only nurses, it might be more helpful to view other workers in a facility. Is turnover high throughout the facility, or is it only the nursing specific jobs? When comparing results to other research, are the definitions of the variables the same? Is there a similar facility with much lower turnover? These are all questions that can help define a future research question to explore.

Other methods that might be useful is a co-hort design to look at incidence rates during a specific time frame. The co-hort could be one facility vs another, or could be one nursing position vs another (i.e. RN vs CNA). ...

Solution Summary

This solution assesses the methodology used in the two provided articles and provides a reference for further discussion on the use of different research methodologies to gain knowledge about the topic.

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Research Design Matrix attached
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Common quantitative designs Key characteristics Specific terminology Strengths and weaknesses Example study
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â?¢ Resource: Research Design Matrix

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o Demonstrate your understanding of qualitative and quantitative research methods and designs.
o Identify key characteristics, specific terminology, strengths and weaknesses.
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Solving Basic and Applied Problems:

â?¢ Write a 700- to 1,000-word paper discussing how these designs are used for solving basic and applied problems in I/O psychology. Use examples to support arguments.

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