A 32-year-old man has vertigo, nausea, and hearing problems. He was diagnosed with Meniere's syndrome.
-What causes the vertigo in this patient?
-How should this patient be treated?
-Why might there be permanent loss of hearing and loss of equilibrium?
Ménière's Disease (MD)
MD is characterized by vertigo (feeling that the room is spinning), sensorinueral hearing loss (loss that is a result of nerve malfunction and not do to bone damage) that waxes and wanes in intensity, ringing in the ears (tinnitus), and a feeling of fullness in the ears. It occurs at a rate 0.5 to 7.5 per 100 people per year and most commonly occurs in the fifth decade of life.
The disease itself is characterized, pathophysiologically, by distension of the endolymphatic system, which leads to degeneration of the vestibular and cochlear hair cells. The distension can be the result of infection, trauma, autoimmune ...
A look at the pathophysiology of Meniere's Disease along with an analysis of how it is treated and why it causes the symptoms that it does.