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Cancer Mortality and Incidence Rates

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Can you further assist me, while reading your response you sent to me I had a few questions can you clarify it for me. APA with viable references please explain.

Even with all of this progress that has resulted in a decline in the mortality rate from cancers, the United States still has cancer incidence rates that are among the highest in the world. Males have a 47% chance of getting cancer, and females have a 38% chance. This is too high, and it should sound alarms that something is amiss in the United States. Why do we have cancer rates that are so high? It is because of this question that I would argue that incidence rates are a better overall measure of progress against cancer. The mortality rates would be nil if there were no cancer at all, and the survival rate would have no meaning. To make true progress, one must get to the root of the problem. What is the root of the problem? Well, we know that tobacco and too much sun can lead to cancers, but are people aware that obesity, lack of physical activity, and a diet that is deplete of nutrients also contribute to cancer? According to Campbell (2006), "Adopting a healthy diet and lifestyle can prevent the majority of cancers in the United States" (p. 13).

Reference:
Campbell, T. (2006). The China study: Startling implications for diet, weight loss and long-term health. Dallas, TX: BenBella Books, Inc.

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Solution Preview

Below I've tried to explain the hypothesis on why cancer is so high, what the root of the problem is and how mortality and incidence relate.

Cancer is caused by both behavioral and environmental components (Doll, 1981). These risk factors can elicit the expression of certain cancers and if they were avoided completely, cancer prevalence is believed to be much lower. Behavioral risk factors are actions chosen by the person that can increase the likelihood of cancer. For example smoking, alcoholism, diet, and lack of physical activity ...

Solution Summary

The solution examines cancer mortality and incidence rates.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

State Percentage who smoke Cancer incidence per 100,000

The following data come from statehelthfacts.org. The states were chosen somewhat randomly by me.

State Percentage who smoke Cancer incidence per 100,000 (age-adjusted)
Kentucky 27.4% 498.2
Pennsylvania 22.6% 496.2
Maine 20.9% 508.9
New York 19.9% 469.3
Maryland 19.5% 488.0
Utah 10.5% 405.7

A. Explain why it might be important to look at cancer incidence that is age-adjusted rather than just cancer incidence).
B. (Perform simple linear regression on these data and report your finding.
C. Explain the significance of the Pearson correlation coefficient and the coefficient of determination.

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