Explore BrainMass

Women, Aging & Poverty

I am writing a paper on reasons why older women often live close to or below the poverty line. I am a bit lost on where to begin can you please help by suggesting what to include in the (one page between the two) introduction and conclusion for a paper like this so I have ideas. Then also any ideas for the main paragraphs just so I know where to go for the main part of the essay.

A detailed outline would be helpful. Thank you.

Solution Preview

Please see response attached, which is also presented below. I also attached a highly informative article to consider and other links throughout the response.


Let's look at a tentative outline to consider, and then brainstorm ideas for you to consider for your paper:

I. Introduction (about ¼ - ½ page; introduce the topic and include a purpose statement: The purpose of this paper is to...)

E.g. An interesting trend of the twentieth century has been the shift towards global population ageing. Older women in particular are affected by this trend. Today, there are more than 575 million people worldwide over the age of 60 and this generation is growing rapidly. (1) Women outlive men in nearly all countries. In the developed world, women live longer than men by a margin of 4 to 10 years; the margin is less in the developing regions. (2) Feminization of older population groups is a phenomenon observed throughout the world, because women survive to higher ages than men in a vast majority of countries. In 1998, there were 190 women per 100 men among the very old. Women live longer and are less prosperous than men. Despite some improvements in their status, older women continue to be marginalized and erroneously perceived. The purpose of this paper is to...

II. Reasons why Women live below the poverty line

a. Women are more likely to live disadvantaged live than men. For example, retirement savings plan often put in the husband's name, e.g., save income tax, tradition views; at retirement, this check comes to the husband if they remain married, who may or not share it with the wife; if the husband dies, she will only get a percentage of what the husband was receiving e.g., 60% of husband's CPP in Canada

b. Stay at home mothers, who are less time in the workforce to build up a satisfying retirement savings plan for retirement. Women often spend less time in the workforce than do men for various reasons; the problem here lies in the fact that many retirement savings plan are tied to place of employment: if you do not work in the workforce, then you cannot contribute to a retirement savings plan, and at retirement are left with only the social ...

Solution Summary

This solution provides a detailed outline and research for a paper on the reasons why older women often live close to or below the poverty line. It also provides a highly informative article to consider and other links throughout the solution.