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    ELL Strategies for Instruction

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    The assignment components:
    a) Write an essay on instructional strategies for ELL classrooms.

    b) Research a minimum of five sources beyond the course textbooks. The Krashen resource above is an index of the book where you might consider using a few chapters as a source.

    c) In your essay, demonstrate your knowledge of methods and techniques of second language teaching for various age and language groups. Develop the essay using the following components:

    i) Comprehensible input.

    ii) On-going, specific, and immediate feedback.

    iii) Grouping structures and techniques.

    iv) Building background and vocabulary development.

    v) Student engagement.

    d) Use standard essay format in APA style, including an introduction, conclusion, and title page. An abstract is required. Cite in-text and in the References section.

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    Solution Preview

    First brainstorm what you already know about this topic. Search for resources which support, back up or extend what you know, as well as keeping an eye out for additional good and relevant information which you might not have previously known. Be sure to keep track of those references so you can cite what info came from which reference. I located the references I used and recommended in my suggested essay model by searching Google using the key phrase: instructional strategies for ELL classrooms.


    You can use the assignment instructions as your essay outline. Place your ideas under each component according to content - place ideas about feedback under that component, and place ideas about student engagement under that component, etc., until you have ideas and reference material (quotes and paraphrases) to flesh out each of the assigned components of the essay. You will then be ready to write.

    APA formatting specifies what should be on a cover page but many colleges, and classes/professors have special requirements of their own. Follow your class requirements for the title page, even if it is not strictly APA. A good Internet site for APA guidelines, if you do not own the APA Manual, is:


    Examples of abstracts can be found on the ERIC database, because articles there include abstracts. Format yours after those examples.

    APA requires Times New Roman font, size 12, double-spaced, standard paragraph indent, 1" margins all around. That should cover you until you get to the References page. I will add more OTA comments in your paper in blue type (in the attached solution document) so you can see them easily.

    An introductory paragraph introduces the readers to the topic, and contains your essay thesis statement (blue). The paragraphs of the body each discuss one component assigned to you. Be sure to cite references in-text and on the references page, too.

    The conclusion "answers" your thesis statement, and sums up what your essay has had to say.

    When you are done, the final part is just beginning - you must proofread the essay. Reading it backwards helps catch spelling errors. Reading it aloud helps catch rough transitions from idea to idea. Also look for other errors, and be sure your word choices are varied. Use a few big words to ...

    Solution Summary

    5 Internet resources are cited in-text and on a references page in an APA formatted model essay which discusses instructional strategies in the ELL classroom: comprehensible input, feedback, grouping, vocabulary and engagement.