How does the social environment foster development in the primary grades, K to Grade 3? Provide examples.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 17, 2018, 1:13 pm ad1c9bdddf
Kindly rate 5 for my 400 words of notes and article reviews in this solution.
The social environment plays a critical role in fostering kids' academic development in the primary grades, K to Grade 3. As Vygotsky insisted that all learning is social, kids learn from modeling, observing, and engaging in active inquiry and collaboration with others and the teacher.
One article further suggests this connection:
LEE, J., & SHUTE, V. J. (2010). Personal and Social-Contextual Factors in K-12 Academic Performance: An Integrative Perspective on Student Learning. Educational Psychologist, 45(3), 185-202.
In fact, the authors propose an integrated perspective "that includes students' personal factors in the domains of behavior, affect, attitude, and cognition as well as their social-contextual environment" (185) to produce optimal school performance.
For examples, one source reveals how cooperation can augment young learners' knowledge of social studies via an outdoors
learning center approach:
Brown, R. G. (1998). Outdoor Learning Centers: Realistic Social Studies Experiences for K-6 Students. Social Studies, 89(5), 199.
The author recommends how the social component of this approach is imperative since "using a learning center ...
400 words of notes and article reviews are offered to examine the role of social learning and unbiased classrooms. The aim of encouraging tolerant teaching is presented briefly.
Statistical Testing and Data Analysis
Read selected sections of Nelson, J. A. P., Young, B. J., Young, E. J., & Cox, G. (2010). Using teacher-written praise notes to promote a positive environment in a middle school. Preventing School Failure, 54(2), 119-125. You should read the Abstract, Introduction, Participants and Setting, Procedure, Measures (paragraph 1 only), Data Analysis (paragraph 1 only), Results (paragraph 1 only), and Discussion (paragraph 1 and 2 only).
Use the scenario presented in part 1a, above, to answer the following questions:
What statistical test was used in Nelson et al., (2010)?
Did the authors use the correct statistical test? In other words, what was their rationale for using this test (i.e., were the variables discrete or continuous and was the test appropriate for this type of data?)
What was the research question? How did the statistical test address and answer the research question?
How did the authors interpret the results of this study?