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The difference between negative and positive reinforcement

What is the difference between postive and negative reinforcement? In your opinion is either effective? Why or why not??

Please provide two examples and references that support you choice.

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The difference between negative and positive reinforcement in an educational setting is that an authority highlights bad behavior with negative reinforcement, where a teacher or leader acknowledges success with the former. The use of either can be subjective and reflective of the environment. "Old school" thought and the concepts of former generations were harsher than some present day theories and practices. Decades past, bad behavior was subject of capital punishment, hitting with a paddle and other more severe styles of follow up. Some will argue that that style DID work, especially since there were fewer behavioral problems in earlier generations. Keeping ones shirt tucked in, chewing gum and littering were problems high on the list back then. Yet, challenges in schools now are far worse but it's not justified for negative reinforcement in some circles.

The problem comes with the barometer used for discipline. A little problem behavior equals a little paddle and a big rule violation requires a big paddling?! The result then becomes physical abuse. On the other hand, students DO need to understand that there has been a problem or poor choice. So the challenge comes with how much acknowledgement of inappropriate choices is valuable and how much becomes too much for a student to bare.

Pavlo's dog salivated when food was expected and ...

Solution Summary

The difference between negative and positive reinforcement in an educational setting is highlighted, where discussion of negative behavior consequences of past generations is contrasted to present day affirmations and other positive styles of behavior correction.