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Piaget's stages of development: a brief comparison

1. What are Piaget's stages of development? Briefly explain the difference between Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational and Formal Operational.

2. An important word in education today is Schema. Explain this word and why it would be so important.

3. Vygotsky's sociocultural theory includes guided participation as well as the Zone of Proximal development. Scaffolding and Private Speech. Briefly explain each of these.

4. What is Kohlberg's stage theory of moral reasoning and why would it be important to teachers and teaching?

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1. What are Piaget's stages of development? Briefly explain the difference between Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational and Formal Operational.

Sensori-motor stage of development is the first stage of development during the infant years - 1- 2 years of age, the child can use the sense of touch to feel objects and their effects.
Pre operational stage is between 2-4 years of age, when the toddler can hold and feel objects, but can't necessarily manipulate them. Concrete operational stage starts around 5 years of age through 7, the child can grasp objects and keep them in own hands as well as manipulate a little bit such as put together a puzzle or a simple toy. At formal operation stage during 7-onwards, a young girl or a boy can manipulate their toys and other objects independently, when shown how to. They can further explore objects as well and make use of their thinking and cognitive skills to note the mechanics of an object and learn to operate it.

Piaget claimed that all of these stages are essential to the cognitive growth and development of children for them to be able to explore, manipulate and make use of knowledge and object properties presented to them in the world around them. Children are supposed to learn through these stages, in a constructivist manner, that is, they should be able to break apart or put together objects for better understanding of the objects and to practice manipulating the objects in a desired fashion. The conceptual progression through ...

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Piaget's stages of development: a brief comparison
stages and ages are discussed together with signifiying features of development in various ares of growth: physical, emotional, social & cognitive

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