The definition of a learning disability (LD) refers to a student demonstrating a disconnect between his or her ability to acquire knowledge and their integration of information. Disorders impact the learning process, causing a difference between what would be the expected and actual mastery of concepts.
The eligibility process includes a formal evaluation to provide data of this break between teaching and learning and an IEP (Individualized Education Plan) meeting with the district to discuss the results and determine whether or not a student will benefit from special education intervention.
Are you familiar with IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act) and Section 504? I have attached some resources and listed ...
The definition of learning disabilities and eligibility process for classification are discussed with references.