I am reviewing critically both types of assessments and evidence/s supporting these and the subsequent impact on the national strategy which sought to promote the use of AfL in England. Therefore, answer the following (approx. 500 words each):
a) Establish the difference between, and use of, approaches to assessment
b) Critically examine research and theory
c) Appraise credible evaluation studies or inspection evidence in this area.
Here are two graduate student papers on the subject about which you are seeking information. They include first hand research as well as references. You have my permission to use whatever information you want for your project.
This solution provides references on summative and formative assessment, including information on AfL, a form of assessment currently studied and used in the UK.