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Haiti, Venezuela, and Honduras

Summary comparing the differences and similarities among these countries: Haiti, Venezuela, and Honduras. Examine the physical, cultural, political, economic, technological, social issues, and language differences among countries. Use various cultural perspectives to explain social issues that affect the region or culture as a whole. Describe the cultural, political, and economic differences between countries

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Please see response attached, which is also presented below. However, I would strongly recommend using the attached response, mainly because the information is highlighted for easy referencing. I hope this helps and take care.


Interesting research assignment! I am wondering where you are at with your own research. I located a wealth of information on the three countries (Haiti, Venezuela, and Honduras).

Briefly, Haiti is an island in the Caribbean, whereas both Venezuela and Honduras are on the main land of South America. However, all three countries are still considered part of Latin America. Haiti has a population of 8,308,504, with the population growth rate of 2.3% (2006 est.), which is a slightly denser population than Honduras (7,326,496), who has a population growth similar to that of Haiti (2.16%, 2006 est). Venezuela is by far the largest country, as well as more highly populated than Haiti and Honduras, with the population of Venezuela at 20.2 Million with an ethnic makeup of 70 percent mestizo, and the rest - Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, and African). In comparison, Honduras has a larger percentage of mestizos than Venezuela, with the main ethnic groups in Honduras being mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%. Roman Catholic religion is main religion in all three countries, albeit with Honduras having the highest percentage (97%) of people who are Roman Catholic. The main languages in Honduras are Spanish and Amerindian dialects, whereas the main languages in Haiti are French (official) and Creole (official). In Haiti, the government is elected with a president and a prime minister. In comparison, Venezuela is a federal republic, where president who is both chief of state and head of government. The economy is booming in Venezuela in comparison to Haiti and Honduras, which are the first and second poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere respectively. Both in technology and communication, Haiti and Honduras lag way behind Venezuela (e.g. Television, telephone, Internet, etc.). The cultural dimensions, according to Hofstede's cultural analysis, are similar for Haiti and Honduras (collective, etc.), but Venezuela has some differences noted in the extremity of its scores. This probably has to do with the government type as noted above. In sum, Venezuela is the largest in area and in population density, as well as advancements in communication and technology when compared to Haiti and Honduras. Haiti is the poorest country, with Honduras not far behind. Venezuela, in comparison has a booming economy, but all three countries have some social and political unrest (illegal drugs, pervasive corruption, etc.) to contend with. Venezuela, however, exploits women and the sex trade is higher than for Haiti and Honduras.

Now let's look at each of the above comparisons in more depth using the following information for the three countries of Haiti, Venezuela and Honduras in terms of the following variables: physical geography, people, political and government e.g., legal system, economy, and technology and communication. The information is drawn from two websites, the CIA World Factbook and Geert Hofstede's website. Finally, using the Hofstede's cultural analysis, we compare the three countries in terms of cultural variables (cultural analysis). In other word, let's continue making these types of comparisons (as in the first paragraph, but in more detail, and I highlighted the comparisons I completed in pink for easy referencing and consideration in your final copy) from the information presented below for each of the three countries. I have used the same variable for each country, which will make it fairly easy to move to the next step making comparisons.

1. Haiti (

The native Taino Amerindians - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when it was discovered by COLUMBUS in 1492 - were virtually annihilated by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola, and in 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean, but only through the heavy importation of African slaves and considerable environmental degradation. In the late 18th century, Haiti's nearly half million slaves revolted under Toussaint L'OUVERTURE. After a prolonged struggle, Haiti became the first black republic to declare its independence in 1804. The poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, Haiti has been plagued by political violence for most of its history. After an armed rebellion led to the departure of President Jean-Betrand ARISTIDE in February 2004, an interim government took office to organize new elections under the auspices of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). Continued violence and technical delays prompted repeated postponements, but Haiti finally did inaugurate a democratically elected president and parliament in May of 2006.


Geography of Haiti is that it shares island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic (western one-third is Haiti, eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic). Haiti is located in the Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic (Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 72 25 W). The total area of Haiti is 27,750 sq km (land: 27,560 sq km; water: 190 sq km). Its land boundaries total 360 km, with border countries of Dominican Republic 360 km.

The climate of Haiti is tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds, with a terrain that is mostly rough and mountainous. Its natural resources are: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, and hydropower. Haiti's natural hazards has to do with location; it lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding and earthquakes; periodic droughts.

Environment - current issues in Haiti include: extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel); soil erosion; inadequate supplies of potable water. Haiti has made several environment - international agreements, such as: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes.


Haiti has a population of 8,308,504, with the population growth rate of 2.3% (2006 est.) Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2006 est.)

Nationality of people in Haiti is Haitian(s). It has many ethnic groups such as: black 95%, mulatto and white 5%. Like Honduras and Venezuela, Roman Catholic (80%) is the main religion in Haiti, albeit slightly lower in percentage: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3% note: roughly half of the population practices Voodoo. The main languages in Haiti are French (official) and Creole (official).

Political and the Government:

Country's name is the Republic of Haiti, although conventionally called Haiti. It's capital is Port-au-Prince.

In Haiti, the government is elected (compared to Venezuela, which is a federal republic). The chief of state is President Rene PREVAL (since 14 May 2006), with the head of government: Prime Minister Jacques-Edouard ALEXIS (since 30 May 2006) (In contrast, Venezuela is a ...

Solution Summary

By responding to the questions comprehensively, this solution assists in comparing the differences and similarities among these countries: Haiti, Venezuela, and Honduras. on several dimensions e.g. the physical, cultural, political, economic, technological, social issues, and language differences among countries. It explains social issues that affect the region or country as a whole. Provides references and links for further research.