Discuss the series of institutions established during the Spanish and Portuguese colonial era in what today is Latin America. In your discussion be sure to indicate the legacy of the colonial era (1492-early 1800s or 19th century) highlighting the institutions and traditions still in place today in Latin America. Why do you think this is?
I provided a concise solution for you below that answers your primary question in your posting --- what are the institutions & colonial traditions still in place and why they are still there in Latin America. The ideas provided are expandable, feel free to visit the references I used. I have indicated them and used only web-based sources for easier access for you. I am sure your textbook indicates the same answers but I encourage you to visit the resource links I indicated. Read the travelblog, it's a great insight into a Western Perception on Latin America from an ordinary traveller. Remember that nations of today are made up of various groups of people who shared a history, and despite their problems of co-existing, they share an identity. I hope this solution has been helpful --- thank you for using Brainmass.
Today's Latin America is comprised of nations whose independence in the recent years were won from Colonial masters, primarily Portugal and Spain. During the era of Spanish & Portuguese conquest of the continent from the 15th to late 19th Centuries much of Latin America: it's native inhabitants, the shape of social classes, the way of life, political relations, language was changed. The names of Columbus and Pizzaro still inspire tales of conquest today as they took land and territory translating to ownership of resources for the Spanish & Portuguese crown who were at that period bitter rivals in Europe. While later on France, Holland & the British came to join in colonizing territories in the North of America all the way to the Middle East and Asia, South America has become so 'Latinized' that it cannot be anything else but a fusion of Iberian (the peninsula where Spain & Portugal is) customs with local & African additions (African Slaves were taken by force from Africa to work in the mines and plantations of South America). Before going any further let's quickly enumerate what makes up Latin America. The border cutting the US from the Caribbean in the Atlantic to Mexico in the Pacific pretty much ...
The Solution details the various reasons from a socio-historical perspective the why's, how's and what's of institutionalized 'Latinization' of South America. The solution discusses the colonial legacy current & pervasive in Latin America today by highlighting the manner in which cultures are assimilated, and how,in the case of South America Iberian Culture & the then native culture clashed, enmeshed & combined. The solution traces events back to the very beginning of the arrival of the Spanish Conquistadores & Portuguesse explorers up till the late 19th century. Attached with the solution is it's word version.