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    Economics effect on environmental laws, with one example and its impact: The Clean Water Act.

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    As an environmentalist, you are very interested in how economics plays a role in determining how many and what type of environmental laws are passed. There are many environmental laws that are determined by economic conditions.

    Choose 1 environmental law to research and give a detailed description of the law including the following:

    The date the law was passed
    Describe the law; what are the provisions of the law?
    Background information: What initiated the law? Why was it passed?
    What economic impact was generated by the law? What kinds of costs, fines, or economic benefits are associated with the law? Provide economic data to support this.
    Do you feel that this particular environmental law has improved the environment/situation? Why or why not?

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    The date the law was passed? Describe the law; what are the provisions of the law?
    The Clean Water act (CWA) was passed in 1948 and regulates the discharge and treatment of wastewater (EPA, 2012). The CWA's main focus is to eliminate high concentrations of pollutants in waterways. However, it does not directly apply to groundwater pollution, which is more aptly covered by the safe Drinking Water Act and Superfund act. The CWA protects water polluted by both point and non point sources. It introduced the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES), a permit system to regulate point sources of pollution including industrial facilities, maniple government, and agricultural facilities (EPA, 2012)
    The CWA has 6 major provisions. Research and related programs is the first major section and it authorizes grants and pollution control programs. The second is grants for construction of treatment works, which is used to assist municipalities in creating or expanding sewage treatment plants (EPA, 2012). Standards and enforcement is another provision, which defines the effluent guideline, water quality criteria, and the fines associated with breaking these regulations. The fourth provision is permits and licenses, which affirms that states are required to certify that discharges authorized by permits do not violate quality standards. The general provisions ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution discusses the Clean Water Act and the economics effect on environmental laws.