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Identify the key elements of the US criminal justice system and explain how they relate to the job of the computer forensic investigator? Support your opinion or any arguments you may make.
Laws have been passed in many countries to address computer-related crimes. There are many types of legal systems in the world that differ in how they treat evidence, the rights of the accused, and the role of the judiciary. In the United States the main categories of laws under the common law system are criminal law, civil law (tort), and administrative/regulatory law. Criminal laws are about individual conduct that violates government laws enacted for the protection of the public. Punishment can include financial penalties and imprisonment. Civil laws are about a wrong inflicted upon an individual or organization that results in damage or loss. Punishment does not include imprisonment, but financial awards comprised of punitive, compensatory, or statutory damages can be mandated. Administrative/regulatory laws are standards of performance and conduct expected by government agencies from industries, organizations, officials, and officers. Violations of these laws can result in financial penalties and/or imprisonment. Laws that relate to Information Systems are called intellectual property and privacy laws. The intellectual property laws include patent, copyright, trade secret, and trademark. Privacy laws are used for the protection of information from intentional or otherwise disclosure or misuse of information for some form of benefit out of it.
A typical example of the privacy law in the United States is the Kennedy-Kassebaum ...
This solution discusses about the key elements of US criminal justice system and job of a computer forensic investigator.