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Linux versus Windows Server 2003

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What are some differences and/or similarities between operating systems for computers that are networked and computers that stand alone?

Compare and contrast two network operating systems (Linux and Windows Server 2003).

Why these would be appropriate for a client - in helping them make the best decision for their organization - as they would like to have a networking system which links the systems of all of their locations?

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What are some differences and/or similarities between operating systems for computers that are networked and computers that stand alone?

Operating systems are typically differentiated as Single-user or Multi-user.

Single-user Operating System
We are all familiar with the concept of sitting down at a computer system and writing documents or performing some task such as writing a letter. In this instance there is one keyboard and one monitor that you interact with.
Operating systems such as Windows 95, Windows NT Workstation and Windows 2000 professional are essentially single user operating systems.
They provide you the capability to perform tasks on the computer system such as writing programs and documents, printing and accessing files.
Consider a typical home computer. There is a single keyboard and mouse that accept input commands, and a single monitor to display information output. There may also be a printer for the printing of documents and images.
In essence, a single-user operating system provides access to the computer system by a single user at a time. If another user needs access to the computer system, they must wait till the current user finishes what they are doing and leaves.
Students in computer labs at colleges or University often experience this. You might also have experienced this at home, where you want to use the computer but someone else is currently using it. You have to wait for them to finish before you can use the computer system.
Single-user operating systems have no user account database and have low level of security, as users cannot protect their files from being viewed, copied or deleted.
Typical single-user operating systems are DOS and Microsoft Windows. Multi-user operating systems have a user account database, which defines the rights that users have on certain resources.

Multi-user Operating System
A multi-user operating system lets more than one user ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses network operating systems, and compares Linux and Windows servers.

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Operating Systems and Practical Networking

Details:
Your team's network plan can be supported by any network operating systems that SOPRO installs. The division supervisor wants recommendations from the Networking Team on which OS would best suit the client's needs. The criterion includes ease of use; a short learning curve, meaning that the users will be functional in the OS in the shortest time; low cost of the OS with ongoing support from the manufacturer; built-in security component available; provided web management; flexibility allowing the users to modify and build applications; and several off-the-shelf business programs/applications available. Lon remembers that you used to be on the Operating System Team and tells you to develop the base recommendation for his review.

Description:
I am required to review UNIX-like/Linux-networking, Window 2003 server, and Windows 2000 server and determine which of these operating systems best meets the client's criteria. You will write a draft recommendation for Lon. This is a recommendation not a final report. You will use the list of aforementioned needs. The tradeoff must be identified to support as many of the criterion as possible. Write a recommendation with rationale supporting the choices you present. Include the advantages and disadvantages of each OS.

Objectives:
1. Analyze the benefits and detractors in selecting an operating system for an organization.

2. Recommend an operating system to an organization based on its ability to provide the services and organizational requirement.

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