The shielding of electrons gives rise to an effective nuclear charge, Zeff, which explains why boron is larger than oxygen. Estimate the approximate Zeff felt by a valence electron of boron and oxygen, respectively:
a)+5 and +8
b)+3 and +6
c)+5 and +6
d)+3 and +8
e)+1 and +4
The effective nuclear charge is basically the number of protons in the nucleus minus ...
Provides steps necessary to estimate Zeff.