Explore BrainMass

Effective nuclear charge defined and explained - gen chem

Briefly explain the term effective nuclear charge and give one possible application of this concept.

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com July 18, 2018, 4:59 am ad1c9bdddf

Solution Preview

The effective nuclear charge is the amount of positive charge any particular electron "sees" in an atom.

For instance, the electrons in the 1s orbital of any atom have no other electrons between them and the nucleus. Thus, the "effective nuclear charge" is the full number of protons in the nucleus, and ...

Solution Summary

The general chemistry concept of effective nuclear charge is defined and explained.