Explore BrainMass

Explore BrainMass

    Determining Hybridization and Molecular Shape

    Not what you're looking for? Search our solutions OR ask your own Custom question.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    1.)For each of the following covalent compounds deduce their molecular shape and the possible hybridization of the central atom:
    a.) indium(I)iodide
    b.)tin(II)bromide
    c.)antimony tribromide
    d.)tellurium tetrachloride
    e.)iodine pentafluoride

    2.) Determine the electron pair arrangement and the molecular shape according to the VESPR theory.
    a.) oxygen difluoride
    b.)phoshorus trichloride
    c.)xenon difluoride
    d.) tetrachloroiodate ion

    3.) Identify in which cases distortion from the regular geometric angles will occur due to the presence of one or more lone pairs.
    a.) oxygen difluoride
    b.)phoshorus trichloride
    c.)xenon difluoride
    d.) tetrachloroiodate ion

    4.) Identify the hybridization that would correspond to the shape.
    a.) oxygen difluoride
    b.)phoshorus trichloride
    c.)xenon difluoride
    d.) tetrachloroiodate ion

    5.) Determine whether they are polar or nonpolar.
    a.) oxygen difluoride
    b.)phoshorus trichloride
    c.)xenon difluoride
    d.) tetrachloroiodate ion

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com March 4, 2021, 6:03 pm ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/chemistry/bonding/determining-hybridization-molecular-shape-25955

    Solution Preview

    For VESPR problems, you need to be able to do a little accounting of electrons.

    Step one is add up all valence electrons, for a total.
    Step two is to pick the central atom, and draw a skeleton.
    Step three, is to subtract 2 electrons from the total for each bond drawn in the skeleton drawing.
    Step four is to fill the valence shells of the X atoms (the atoms attached to the central atom)
    Step five is to subtract the added electrons from the total
    Step six is to add all leftover electrons to the central atom as a lone pair
    Step seven is to assign an AXE formula and deduce shape.

    1.)For each of the following covalent compounds deduce their molecular shape and the possible hybridization of the central atom:
    a.) indium(I)iodide
    Indium is in group 3
    Iodine is in group 7
    Total electrons is 10
    Draw skeleton (pretty easy)
    10-2 electrons for the one bond
    fill valence shell of the iodine
    8-6 electrons
    2 electrons will go on the Indium as a lone ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution is provided in 654 words in an attached .doc file. It gives step-by-step solutions for VESPR problems, including electron counting.

    $2.49

    ADVERTISEMENT