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    Monitoring Our Home Planet

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    Based on your research, do the following:

    1. Identify a minimum of three different natural phenomena that are typically responsible for natural disasters. Analyze the potential impact of these disasters.

    2. Analyze how these phenomenon are monitored, or not via internet. Critique available Web sites, which publicly display up-to-date monitored information related to each of the natural phenomena you have identified.

    Focus on the following aspects:
    What parts of the world are potentially affected by these phenomena? Specifically identify the countries.

    What kinds of resources are allocated toward monitoring these phenomena and why?
    What types of Web resources monitor the phenomena and provide up-to-date information about them?
    What kinds of technology are involved in monitoring the phenomena?

    What political ramifications would this disaster-preparedness technology cause between more-developed countries and less-developed countries?
    What kinds of issues could this technology cause between less-developed countries?

    How would this technology directly impact the economies of those countries that have the technology versus those countries that do not?
    Do you predict any indirect impact? What current evidence support your position?

    Disaster Preparedness:
    What types of systems are in place in terms of disaster preparedness related to these monitored phenomena?
    Summarize your findings. Evaluate how this technology will impact the future of humanity, both positively and negatively. Be sure to consider the political and economic issues discussed in your future predictions.

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    Solution Preview

    In compliance with BrainMass rules this is not a completion of assignment but only background help.

    1. Three natural phenomena typically responsible for natural disasters are earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanoes. The potential impact of earthquakes is that these can cause injury and loss of life, road, and bridge damage. The earthquakes weaken the foundations of buildings leading to collapse (1). There are some immediate collapses of buildings. The earthquake is followed by outbreaks of infectious diseases, lack of basic necessities, and high claims on insurance companies (2). The potential impact of tsunamis is very large. In 2004 tsunami that occurred in the Indian Ocean there were more than 230,000 deaths in 14 countries. Some animals heard the sound of tsunami and moved away from the shore in contrast human beings went to the shore to investigate and got drowned. Volcanic eruptions with preheated eruptions, explosive eruptions, and effusive eruptions have the potential of having a severe impact. The lava flows and emission of carbon dioxide can pose a hazard to human beings. The most deadly impact of volcanic activity is the volcanic winter that happened 70,000 years ago after the super-eruption of Lake Toba in Indonesia. Anthropologists say that most humans alive were killed and created a population bottleneck. The 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora created climate anomalies that were called a year without summer. Similar eruptions have the potential of causing large scale destruction and death of human beings (6).

    2. The earthquakes are being monitored by seismometers. The moment magnitude is the common scale on which earthquakes larger than 5 are reported for the world (3). We consider three websites that report earthquakes these are maintained by the United States Geographical Survey's Earthquake Hazards Program. The websites are:

    - http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/
    - http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/yellowstone/yellowstone_monitoring_47.html
    - http://earthquake.usgs.gov/

    These websites apply earth science data and assessments required for land-use planning, engineering design, and emergency preparedness decisions. The weakness of these websites is that they do not forecast earthquakes.

    The volcano hazards program of the United States Geographical Survey's Volcano Hazards program advances scientific understanding of volcanic processes and to lessen the harmful impacts of volcanic activity. This program monitors active and potentially ...

    Solution Summary

    The answer to this problem explains natural phenomenon and natural disasters. The references related to the answer are also included.