1 how cultural style dictates the perception of what is ethical in a leader's use of power, influence, and authority.
2 which leadership models, styles, and traits are most commonly accepted as ethical across the greatest array of social cultures.
3 particular leadership model as a tool for shaping organizational culture and a rationale for selecting that model.
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Cultural style dictates the perception of what is ethical in a leader's use of power, influence, and authority. Cultural style differs from country to country, industry to industry, and organization to organization. For example, in China, the cultural style is marked by high power distance. This means that the less powerful members of institutions and organizations within the country expect that power is distributed unequally. A leader in China who uses power, influence, and authority is perceived to be ethical. In contrast a leader in the United States who openly uses power, influence, and authority will be perceived as unethical and dictatorial. In the United States the less powerful do not expect and accept that power is distributed unequally (a). In addition, in the United States there is high level of individualism in the culture. A leader who involves others indecision making, and consults followers, is perceived as an ethical leader. Similarly, in an organization where superior-subordinate relationship is polarized, the use of formal power, influence and authority is perceived to be ethical. In such organizations, consulting employees, taking opinions, and understanding the viewpoint of team members is perceived to be procrastination and unethical. In contrast, organizations where the culture is that power and authority ...
This posting gives you a step-by-step explanation of how culture shapes leadership . The response also contains the sources used.