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Intercultural management: Reward Systems, Leadership Styles

Question 1
In designing an appropriate reward system, understanding culture differences in motivation is important. What are the five most prominent reward categories, and how does culture impact these five categories?

Question 2
Name the U.S. leadership styles, and explain each of them. Americans appreciate two kinds of leaders that generally fall into one or both styles of leadership: autocratic versus democratic. What are the traits of an autocratic leader versus a democratic leader, and is one type of leadership better than the other?

Question 3
International businesses adopt technology to enhance effectiveness. Why is leadership in a digital world more challenging for managers?

Question 4
This unit is about motivating and leading, but there are dramatic differences and conflicts in how to motivate in different countries. How can a manager motivate people using the needs hierarchy in the international context? What are the conflicting motivational techniques in Western-Russian joint ventures?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. .( MUST BE APA FORMATTED) APA rules for formatting, quoting, paraphrasing, citing, and listing of sources are to be followed.

Course Text Book: Deresky, H. (2011). International management: Managing across borders and cultures (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall

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Hope this helps-please let me know if you have any questions.

Question 1
In designing an appropriate reward system, understanding culture differences in motivation is important. What are the five most prominent reward categories, and how does culture impact these five categories?
It is important to understand cultural differences when designing an appropriate reward system in order to actually motivate those one wishes to motivate. This is true if one is posted to a foreign country or simply in charge of a diverse workforce in America. The five most prominent reward categories are: job content, career, social status, financial, and professional. . In the United States there is a greater focus on financial, social status, job content, career and professional reward systems. In contrast, the Japanese focus on seniority, bonuses, and permanent jobs. In China, rewards focus on social benefits.
Some cultures are very hierarchical whereas others are formed more on mutual respect. Employees may not understand American manager expectations that they are independent and self motivated. Job security is impacted in that some cultures emphasize security over risk, and prefer a steady income with a lifetime employer. French and Italian workers tend to value job security highly (Phelen, 2010). In contrast, in America, for instance, we tend to be more loyal to our own careers and interest in hiring and performance bonuses. Financial incentives tend to motivate those in countries with high individualism. Other cultures stress group membership for compensation. This corresponds with career development, in which Americans may be more likely to be motivated to manage their own careers, whereas many other countries, including India, for instance, it is the expectation that the manager will look out for and help manage the employee's future. Many cultures are shocked by the performance evaluation, in which one is directly informed as to their perceived strengths and weaknesses. Many cultures find this to be too confrontational and legalistic, whereas other methods seem to have less clarity to Americans familiar with the process. Motivation differs in different cultures with "appeal to duty, authority, company loyalty, group rewards or regular after-work socializing" (Schomer, 2001) having less effect than personal growth and monetary gain for Americans. Other cultures value personal loyalty, company prestige and appeal to authority as ...

Solution Summary

This solution discusses why it is important to understand cultural difference in motivation when designing a reward system, and outlines five more prominent reward categories. Also, it identifies U.S. leadership styles and explains each of them. It gives the traits of an autocratic leader versus a democratic leader. It explains why technology makes international business more challenging for leaders. It explains how a manager can motivate people using the needs hierarchy in the international context. Also gives the conflicting motivational techniques in Western-Russian joint ventures. Includes APA formatted references.

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