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This post addresses international business questions.

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1.__________ is the only source of sustainable competitive advantage available to the U.S.
A. Sourcing of cheap raw materials

B. The caliber of its people

C. Information technology

D. Available capital
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2. Ideally, the __________ should dictate the organizational structure and staffing needed by a firm.
A. clients served

B. size of the firm

C. strategy of the firm

D. management philosophy

3. When a company suffers from an inadequate number of skilled managers from the local area in which it operates, and close communication is needed between branches and headquarters, which staffing approach is particularly appropriate?
A. Polycentric

B. Ethnocentric

C. Global

D. Regiocentric
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4. Recruiting managers from Latin America for a position in Chile is an example of which staffing approach?
A. Global

B. Polycentric

C. Regiocentric

D. Ethnocentric

5. A state of disorientation and anxiety about not knowing how to behave in an unfamiliar culture is called:
A. culture shock.

B. assimilation anxiety.

C. contingency fear.

D. integration instability.
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6. Some MNCs are beginning to recognize that there is no substitute for __________ training in the early stages of the careers of managers they hope to develop into senior-level global managers.
A. role-play

B. foreign language

C. on-the-job

D. cultural diversity

7. Premature return of expatriates or the unwillingness of managers to take overseas assignments is often due to:
A. homesickness.

B. company recall.

C. financial and career costs.

D. all of the above.

8. To ensure that expatriates do not lose out through their overseas assignment, the __________ approach is often used to equalize the standard of living between the host country and the home country and to add some compensation for inconvenience or qualitative loss.
A. income statement

B. balance sheet

C. cafeteria

D. revenue generation

9. It has been a challenge for Starbucks in China to recruit good local managers because:
A. many local managers prefer to work for Chinese rather than American firms.

B. the demand for local managers by foreign companies far exceeds the supply.

C. many local managers are not interested in working for Western firms.

D. Starbucks has a bad reputation in China.

10. Chinese recruits at Starbucks have stated that:
A. they want to leave China and live in the U.S.

B. there are not many opportunities at other foreign companies.

C. they are looking for training opportunities and advancement in a global company.

D. money is their primary reason for wanting to work at Starbucks.
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11.__________ occurs because the longer a person is away, the more difficult it is to get back into the swing of things.
A. Reverse culture shock

B. Culture shock

C. Reintegration

D. Assimilation

12. All of the following are examples of support systems recommended by Tung for a successful repatriation program EXCEPT:
A. a mentor program.

B. a special career planning unit.

C. a repatriation compensation program.

D. a system to supply information to expatriates.

13. The term __________ describes collections of managers from several countries who must rely on group collaboration if each member is to experience optimum success and goal achievement.
A. "specialized management teams"

B. "virtual management teams"

C. "objective management teams"

D. "global management teams"

14. The operational challenges for virtual global teams include all of the following EXCEPT:
A. exposure to different viewpoints.

B. geographic dispersal.

C. cultural differences.

D. language and communication.

15. To the older generation in Japan, a working married woman:
A. was a great honor.

B. represented a loss of face to the husband.

C. was common for college-educated women.

D. none of the above

16.While 41% of women work in Japan, only __________ hold managerial positions.
A. 8.9%

B. 14.3%

C. 26.9%

D. 30%

17.Some American companies are waging an intense lobbying campaign to persuade the Chinese government to revise or abandon a new proposed law that would:
A. allow the use of prison labor in Chinese-owned factories.

B. force U.S. firms to reveal technological secrets to local Chinese firms.

C. crack down on sweatshops and protect workers' rights by giving labor unions real power.

D. make child labor legal only in Chinese-owned factories for certain industries.

18.Having grown increasingly concerned about the nation's widening income gap and fearing social unrest, officials in Beijing now seem determined to:
A. ban those labor unions it holds responsible for rising wages in the cities.

B. improve worker protection.

C. crack down on street demonstrations.

D. increase taxes on foreign investors to pay for social programs for the rural poor.

19._________ occurs as the migration of management and workplace practices around the world result in the reduction of workplace disparities from one country to another.
A. Convergence

B. Divergence

C. Diversification

D. Interdiction

20.Which of the following is NOT a force to establish divergent labor relations systems?
A. Local and national labor relations systems and traditions

B. Local cultural norms

C. Agencies monitoring world labor practices

D. All of the above are forces to establish divergent labor relations systems.

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Solution Preview

Answers to your study guide questions:

1.__________ is the only source of sustainable competitive advantage available to the U.S.
A. Sourcing of cheap raw materials

B. The caliber of its people <-- this is correct. It is also our biggest asset.

C. Information technology

D. Available capital
Reset Selection

2.Ideally, the __________ should dictate the organizational structure and staffing needed by a firm.
A. clients served

B. size of the firm

C. strategy of the firm <-- the strategy should always guide the structure.

D. management philosophy

3.When a company suffers from an inadequate number of skilled managers from the local area in which it operates, and close communication is needed between branches and headquarters, which staffing approach is particularly appropriate?
A. Polycentric

B. Ethnocentric <-- evaluating everyone else by your own culture. this is the correct answer.
C. Global

D. Regiocentric
Reset Selection

4.Recruiting managers from Latin America for a position in Chile is an example of which staffing approach?
A. Global

B. Polycentric

C. Regiocentric <--- a regional orientation in a global market.

D. Ethnocentric

5.A state of disorientation and anxiety about not knowing how to behave in an unfamiliar culture is called:
A. culture shock. <--- frequently seen when people travel to countries they've never been to before.

B. assimilation anxiety.

C. contingency fear.

D. integration instability.
Reset Selection

6.Some MNCs are beginning to recognize that there is no substitute for __________ training in the early stages of the careers of managers they hope to develop into senior-level global managers.
A. role-play

B. foreign language

C. on-the-job <---- this is the best way to ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides the correct answers for the multiple choice international business practice questions listed.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Bribery

You work for the city of Bigtown's legal department. Bigtown has been trying for years to attract more convention business, but it has been unsuccessful to date. The new mayor was voted in on the tagline, "I'll make Bigtown the place to see and be seen."
It's been six months since the mayor's inauguration, but tourism is, if anything, worse than before. The mayor is desperate and talking about offering contracts for city work in exchange for convention business. Your boss (the city's counsel) needs to convince the mayor that this strategy is unethical and possibly illegal. She asks you to research the Salt Lake City Olympics scandal and address specific issues that link to Bigtown's situation.

The Big Business of the Olympics and Bribery

LEAD STORY-DATELINE: The Washington Post, January 15, 1999.
Salt Lake City and the state of Utah are considered synonymous with the Mormon Church and the morality that flows from religious pursuits. A recent bribery scandal relating to Salt Lake City's successful bid to host the 2002 Winter Olympics casts a cloud over the city and state.

The Salt Lake Organizing Committee (SLOC) had assigned individual members to lobby members of the International Olympics Committee (IOC) to select Salt Lake City as the 2002 Winter Olympics' site. Since November 1998, there have been allegations that the members of the SLOC lobbied by making gifts to certain influential IOC members and their families. The allegations are that the SLOC members gave scholarships, free medical care, guns and other expensive gifts valued at hundreds of thousands of dollars to visiting IOC members. IOC rules limit members to gifts with a maximum value of $150. One influential IOC member is alleged to have received free medical treatment for hepatitis and financed land investment deals for one SLOC member.
The scandal has resulted in investigations by a several agencies, including the federal Department of Justice, the International Olympics Committee, the U.S. Olympic Committee, and an ethics panel for Salt Lake Organizing Committee (SLOC). The Utah legislature had created a committee to oversee the Olympics because of the approximately $1.4 billion initial costs to be incurred by Utah and the State's obligation to pay any shortfall. That committee has entered the fray and demanded financial accounting from the SLOC. The state of Utah projected receipt of three billion dollars in revenues from hosting the games.
IOC members investigating the scandal have said that punishment may range from requiring an apology to censure to expulsion depending on the results of its investigation. Several SLOC members including president Frank Joklik and vice president Dave Johnson, resigned (during the investigation process).

Assignment

Part A - Research the Salt Lake City Olympics scandal and address specific issues that link to Bigtown's situation.

Part B - Answer the questions below.

1. Lobbying is defined as "the act of trying to directly shape or influence a government official's understanding and position on a public policy issue." (Post, Business and Society 7th ed.) What is the difference between lobbying and bribery?

2. Whether bribery should be considered unethical or illegal has been debated extensively. Many scholars and businesspeople take the position that bribery should not be treated as unethical. Why is it that the general public considers bribery to be immoral? Use ethical theories or philosophies to explain your answer.

3. The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (15 U.S.C. sec. 78) makes it illegal for US companies to pay bribes even if they are in foreign countries. Assuming that this is a case where the FCPA would apply, it helps to look at its definition of a bribe. The FCPA defines a payment that is "meant to influence an official to award or maintain business activity" as illegal. Payments that assist the payer to obtain ministerial actions are not prohibited. What argument could the SLOC members make that the payments made do not fit the definition of an illegal bribe under the FCPA?

4. What is the appropriate punishment for violation of ethical and legal principles? Should the remedies be limited to expulsion of the members who violated those principles or should the entire community be held responsible? Use ethical principles or theories to answer this question.

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