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    Motivation Theory Key Researchers

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    Select one motivation theory discussed in Ch. 3-5 of the Latham text provided below.

    Provide a paper wherein you trace the theory's origins, its key researchers, related research findings, and its possible effect in this century.

    Include a minimum of 5 scholarly sources.

    Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

    Chapter 3: 1950-1975: The Emergence of Theory 27
    Introduction 27
    Job Satisfaction and Job Performance 28
    Motivation Theory 29
    Need Hierarchy Theory 30
    Theory X and Theory Y 32
    Theory-Driven Empirical Research 33
    Job Characteristics 36
    Equity Theory 42
    Expectancy Theory 44
    Behavior Modification 48
    Goal-Setting Theory 52
    Concluding Comments 56
    Equity Theory 42
    Expectancy Theory 44
    Behavior Modification 48
    Goal-Setting Theory 52
    Concluding Comments 56

    Chapter 4: 1975-2000: The Employee Is Immersed in Thought 59
    Introduction 59
    Goal-Setting Theory 60
    Goal Limitations 63
    Social Cognitive Theory 70
    Self-Regulation 76
    Job Characteristics Revisited 79
    A Comprehensive Framework: The High-Performance Cycle 80
    Demands Influence Performance 80
    Mediators 85
    Moderators 86
    Performance Leads to Rewards That Affect Satisfaction 92
    Satisfaction Leads to Organizational Commitment 93
    Principles of Organizational Justice 95
    Concluding Comments 98

    Chapter 5: 20th-Century Controversies 99
    Money 99
    Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation 102
    Performance and Satisfaction 105
    Participative Decision Making 108
    Seismic Events: Summary and Overview of the 20th Century 116
    From a Scientist's Viewpoint 116
    From a Practitioner's Viewpoint 121

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    Solution Preview

    See attached file.

    Maslow's Theory of Motivation-Hierarchy of Needs Theory
    Origin and Key Researchers
    This theory was proposed by Abraham Maslow (1908 - 1970) in 1943 in his paper - A Theory of Human Motivation. In his theory, Maslow extended his study by including observations of humans' innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories which are based on psychology of human behavior. While formulating the theory, Maslow studied what he referred to as exemplary people such as Albert Einstein, Jane Addams, etc., rather than choosing unfit population base. As a result his theory is based on clinical experiences with people rather than as did the prior theories of psychology from authors like Freud and B.F.Skinner which were either mostly theoretical or based on animal behavior.
    Key Findings
    The theory is based on the assumption that people are motivated by five needs which are universal in nature. These needs have been ranked in hierarchical order based on the degree to which they influence human behavior. It is only when lower level of need has been fully met would the individual be motivated to have the next level of need in the hierarchy fulfilled. According to Maslow, there are general types of needs- psychological, survival, safety, love, and esteem which need to be satisfied before a person can act unselfishly. Maslow called these needs as deficiency needs. As long as a person is motivated by these needs, he is on a path to growth and finally achieves self actualization.
    Following are the needs identified by Maslow in the order of their position in the hierarchy:
     Physiological needs: These are lowest level needs, ranked lowest in the hierarchy and include basic needs such as food and water. ...

    Solution Summary

    The expert provides a paper where they trace the theory's origins. The Emergence of Theory is examined.