The concept of organizational change recognizes a reorientation in the way an organization operates. Organizations undertake change in order to evolve to a different stage in their life cycle. This may require changes in mission and technologies, greater collaboration, re-structuring and re-engineering (Symphony Orchestra Institute, 2005).
After the industrial revolution, large corporations dominated the society. These businesses required people to perform as machines, ignoring individuality in favour of benefitting the whole. Based on this, in the 1880s Frederick Taylor developed a method of scientific management where he maintained that organizations must be studied in scientific terms; its cause and effect. A machine is thought of as a physical entity with moveable and replaceable parts, and this models dividing tasks into the smallest possible units and enforcing strict performance specifications for each employee (Burke, 2011). Thus, organizations should operate as machines in order to ...
What is the history of organizational change?