Evaluate the following trends in organizational behavior:
a. The influence of ethics on decision making
b. The impact of technology on work-related stress
The paper should demonstrate an understanding of relevant theory. A minimum of 2 reference citations are required. Be sure to include an abstract, introduction and conclusion.
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1. Evaluate the following trends in organizational behavior: a. The influence of ethics on decision making and b. The impact of technology on work-related stress
Recently, ethical decision-making concerns in business have dramatically increased mainly due to incidents such as the Enron and Global Crossing scandals. Dictionary.com defines ethics as: "A theory or a system of moral values: An ethic of service is at war with a craving for gain." In other words, they are the rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or the members of a profession (Goles, 2008). To add to this, there is also a mounting apprehension over the misuse of information systems and technology (Ellis & Griffith, 2001, as cited in Goles, 2006)). Technology Work-related stress is also on the rise.
Your purpose statement might be something to the effect:
This paper is examines the influence of ethics on decision-making and the impact of technology on work-related stress.
The influence of ethics on decision making
By definition, then, ethical values (e.g. respect and dignity, honesty, trustworthiness, integrity, etc.) and morals influence personal and business decision-making and also have the potential to bias our decisions. To avoid personal values from biasing the decision-making process, professional ethics is therefore a codified formal system of values and principles that are explicitly adopted by a group of people. Thus, you have medical or business ethics. If you accuse someone of being unethical, it is equivalent of calling them unprofessional and may well be taken as a significant insult and perceived more personally than if you called them immoral (which of course they may also not like) (Values, morals and ethics). These are high ideals to which to aspire, and a challenge to maintain. Ethics or morality poses questions about how we ought to act and how we should live. THESE Professional ethics rest on universal values that cut across time, culture, politics, religion and ethnicity. Thus, it is necessary to constantly examine one's standards to ensure that they are reasonable and well-founded.
Because ethics can influence our decisions in many ways, professional ethical decision-making criteria have been proposed to direct the decision-making process based on theory e.g., consequential, duty and virtue. As a case in point, one duty-based theory, Ross argues that our duties are "part of the fundamental nature of the universe" that reflects our actual moral convictions:
? Fidelity: the duty to keep promises
? Reparation: the duty to compensate others when we harm them
? Gratitude: the duty to thank those who help us
? Justice: the duty to recognize merit
? Beneficence: the duty to improve the conditions of others
? Self-improvement: the duty to improve our virtue and intelligence
? Nonmaleficence: the duty to not injure others (Ethics).
However, situations will arise when we must choose between two conflicting duties. In a classic example, "suppose I borrow my neighbor's gun and promise to return it when he asks for it. One day, in a fit of rage, my neighbor pounds on my door and asks for the gun so that he can take vengeance on someone. On the one hand, the duty of fidelity obligates me to return the gun; on the other hand, the duty of nonmaleficence obligates me to avoid injuring others and thus not return the gun. According to Ross, I will intuitively know which of these duties is my actual duty, and which is my apparent or prima facie duty. In this case, my duty of nonmaleficence emerges as my actual duty and I should not ...
In references to trends in organizational behavior, this solution highlights ethics in organizational decisions, as well as the impact of technology on work-related stress. Supplemented with three articles on the psychology of stress, the problem solving process and ethics. References in APA format.