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Genetic Engineering via recombinant DNA (GMOs)

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Biotechnology allows us to use living organisms or their processes for human needs or purposes. Currently, this topic includes such general examples as cloning, stem cells (adult, umbilical cord, and embryonic), DNA fingerprinting, biological warfare, bioremediation, genetically modified organisms, vaccines, and transgenic plants and animals to name a few.

Research how a SPECIFIC biotechnology application within the above GENERAL examples (or ones not listed above) is used today. Example: Insulin production in bacteria is an example under the general topic of recombinant organisms.

What specific biotechnology application did you choose?
Briefly describe this biotechnology application.
Based upon the definition of biotechnology, describe how your biotechnology application is an example of biotechnology.

What benefits are derived from this application?

Are there any concerns or negative impacts associated with this use of biotechnology? Why or why not?

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Solution Preview

Application - Genetic Engineering via recombinant DNA to generate transgenic plants (also known as genetically modified organisms - GMOs. Transgenic plants are created to allow for one of the following: increased shelve life; disease/herbicide/pest/resistance, stress (i.e. drought) resistances, or increased nutrition.

Description: Transgenic plants are recombinant organisms. Transgenic recombinant plants are generated in a laboratory by adding genes to a plant's genome using a technique called transformation. Transformation is usually achieved using gold particle bombardment or horizontal gene transfer.

How is this a biotechnology? Biotechnology is defined as a field of applied ...

Solution Summary

In this solution I use the example of genetic engineering via recombinant DNA to generate transgenic plants, to investigate biotechnology. I describe the process itself, as well as the benefits and negative impacts of transgenic plants (genetically modified organisms). I cite a number of examples.