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    Creating a Recombinant Microorganism

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    1. Explain the process of creating a recombinant microorganism.

    2.. Describe the process of transcription (how mRNA is made from DNA) and describe how translation changes mRNA into proteins.

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    Solution Preview

    Quite simply, recombinant bacteria are made by breaking existing structures of DNA and inserting target genes into the sequence.

    Specifically, bacterial DNA is often held in circular rings called plasmids, which can be enzymatically cleaved apart, leaving two ends from which foreign DNA can then bind. Both the enzymes and the DNA fragments are often introduced via viral transfection - making use of viral mechanisms to invade into a bacterium and ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution creates a recombinant microorganism.