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Diarrhetic Shellfish Poisoning

Describe the cause, source and extent of diarrhetic shellfish poisoning, including an opinion on its occurrence and management in Canada and the USA.

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Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) is a "gastrointestinal illness" that is cause by the "consumption of contaminated shellfish." (1) The source of the cause for DSP is not directly from the shellfish themselves; but rather from the microscopic organisms called dinoflagellates that lived inside the shellfishes. (1,2) These marine dinoflagellates belong in the species "Dinophysis", and they produce the DSP toxins when they reside in the shellfishes. (1,2) Okadaic acid, dinophysis toxin, and pectenotoxin are the main DSP toxins ...

Solution Summary

Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) is a "gastrointestinal illness" that is cause by the "consumption of contaminated shellfish." (1) The source of the cause for DSP is not directly from the shellfish themselves; but rather from the microscopic organisms called dinoflagellates that lived inside the shellfishes. (1,2) These marine dinoflagellates belong in the species "Dinophysis", and they produce the DSP toxins when they reside in the shellfishes. (1,2) Most illnesses of DSP are in Europe and Japan. Here, we will review the cause and effect of DSP poisoning.

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