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    The Significance of Mendel's work

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    Discuss the significance of Mendel's work and its impact on today's biological advances. Be specific and feel free to consult outside references for additional data to support your response.

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    Mendel worked with pea plants. His experimental results laid the foundation of the most important theory in biology that inherited traits pass on from generation to generation. It was concluded that, firstly, inheritance of each trait is determined by "units" or "factors" that are passed on to the offsprings unchanged; secondly, that an individual inherits one such unit from each parent for each trait; and finally, that a trait may not show up in an individual but can still be passed on to the next generation.

    The units identified by Mendel are now called genes. Later, two principles were defined: 1) The principle of segregation: For any particular trait, the pair of alleles of each parent separate and only one allele ...

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    Mendel's work is discussed in the solution.