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Respiratory and Metabolic Acidosis and Alkalosis

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1. Detail the hormones responsible for maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance.
2. Compare the compensatory mechanism employed in respiratory acidosis and alkalosis.
3. Compare the compensatory mechanism employed in metabolic acidosis and alkalosis.

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The expert examines respiratory and metabolic acidosis and alkalosis.

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1. There are a number of hormones which influence fluid and electrolyte balance. Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH), is a prominent one that is released from the pituitary gland which has various effects on the central nervous system, kidneys and cardiovascular system. The most relevant of these effects is it's capability in increasing water reabsorption in the kidney, thereby allowing the body to retain more water and fluids in general. ADH acts directly in renal tissue to increase expression of aquaporins, protein channels which allow ...

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