Using the lab values given, determine if the patient is in alkalosis or acidosis, if it is metabolic or respiratory and if it is being compensated for. Give specific reasons for your answers.
pH = 7.5; PCO2 = 24 mm Hg; HCO3- = 18 mEq/L
These lab values illustrate a case of respiratory alkalosis. Each of the values gives an important clue to this information.
As the first clue, let's consider the pH value of 7.5. This is considerably out of the normal range which falls between 7.35 and 7.45. ...
This solution explains how to determine if a patient is in alkalosis or acidosis.