a) Maximizes the kinds of pathogens that can be recognized and eliminated by an immune response within a population
b) Transplanted organs can be rejected
c) Females mice prefer to mate with males having different alleles at MHC gene loci
d) All of the above
The correct answer is (d) All of the above.
The MHC alleles called H2 in mice and HLA in humans regulate our immune response to antigens. The cell surface glycoproteins bind to small fractions of pathogens and ...
Human HLA genes (equivalent to MHC genes in mice) have many alleles, and no two individuals have identical alleles at all gene loci. Based on the four choices, this solution identifies which of the four choices are the consequences of this genetic diversity. An explanation is also provided.