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    The Scientific Method

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    To prepare for this Application:
    •Bring to mind a case in your own life where you could use the scientific method, or elements of the scientific method, to solve a problem. Think about observations you make on a daily basis that are related to nutrition. This may include how many alcohol commercials play during sporting events on the television, how many coworkers bring sack lunches for lunch versus take-out or frozen lunches, or the number of sugary cereal commercials that play during cartoons on Saturday mornings, for example.

    •Choose an observation related to nutrition that you have made around you that you would like to investigate using the scientific method.

    •From your observation, propose a hypothesis. For example, "More alcohol commercials play during a basketball game on the television than during a made-for-TV movie for women."

    •After you have determined your hypothesis, observe and collect data that will help you prove or disprove your hypothesis. (For the example hypothesis, this would include watching a basketball game and recording the number of alcohol commercials played during that game and then watching a made-for-TV movie for women and recording the number of alcohol commercials that play during that movie).

    The assignment:
    •Write a 2-page paper in which you apply the scientific method to observation and data analysis and test your hypothesis based on your observations. Please make sure that your paper contains all of the following headers:

    ◦Abstract: This is a brief, 150-word summary of the entire paper, including the results you found. This does not need to contain citations.

    ◦Introduction: The introduction is a statement of why you decided to conduct your research study and what information it has the potential to contribute to the scientific world. Be sure to include any background information important for the reader to understand your study. Also, be sure to identify clearly your hypothesis statement. (1-2 paragraphs)

    ◦Methods and Materials: Describe the process you went through to collect your data in detail, including minor elements that may be relevant, like time or day, or anything important for the reader to understand your data collection methods. (1-2 paragraphs)

    ◦Results and Conclusion: Provide the results of your data, either in tabular form or written out as part of the essay. Also, be sure to interpret your results clearly and provide your reasoning whether you can or cannot support your original hypothesis. Remember, even results that do not support your original hypothesis are a good contribution to science! (1-2 paragraphs)

    •Remember to include citations, especially in your Introduction and Conclusion, in order to support your ideas by citing relevant research or scientific concepts.

    •Use at least two APA-formatted references. Submit your paper with double spacing in 12-point Arial.

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    Solution Preview

    Fasting and obesity. Academic Journal British Medical Journal. 3/18/1978, Vol. 1 Issue 6114, p673-673. 3/4p.

    1. The Fast Diet-The Simple Secret of Intermittent Fasting: Lose Weight, Stay Healthy, Live Longer. Academic Journal By: Franklin, Janet. Nutrition & Dietetics. Sep2013, Vol. 70 Issue 3, p253-253.

    First and foremost, I must state that this is not a assignment completion for the student, I am simply providing information on a nutritional hypothesis that is based upon my own personal experience. The student will need to take the information provided by the academic expert and incorporate it into their own assignment and own personal hypothesis for their class.

    The abstract for this scientific method is based upon fasting, which is a form of dieting that has been popular recently but has been championed by many dietitians since 1915. This diet is used by some as a fast diet that allows for intermittent fasting for those who aren't obese but want to lose weight fast as well as by obese people who fast for long time periods to lose weight. The research literature has shown that obese people who fast have the capability to lose 1.77 pounds a day within the first 10 days of their fasting, with about 50-70% of this weight being water. In total, researchers have found that obese people can lose approximately 11 pounds of wet lean tissue during the first month of a fast and approximately 4-17 pounds in the second month.

    In reference to the intermittent fasting regimen, it is a relatively simple routine that only requires a dieter to eat 600 kcal (men) or 500 kcal (women) on two non- consecutive days in the week. Dieters are able to eat their normal intake on other days, but the essence of the fasting process is that produces a reduced ...

    Solution Summary

    The scientific method is examined for an application in the experts own life.