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    Difference in Cells and structure

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    Prokaryotic cells are simple cells. Eukaryotic cells are more complex. What structures do eukaryotic cells have that prokaryotic cells do not? What are different kinds of eukaryotic cells? How do these cells differ in structure? Discuss some of the reasons why the structures of these kinds of cells might be different and how their structures relate to their functions.

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    https://brainmass.com/biology/cell-structure/difference-cells-structure-497556

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    Eukaryotic cells have organelles, or particular membrane-bound components which specialize in various functions. They also have a nucleus which holds all of the cell's DNA, whereas prokaryotic cells simply don't have one.

    The basic categories of eukaryotic cells are animal, plant, and fungal cells, and their differences can be drastic. The easiest comparison between different eukaryotic cells would be the comparison of animal vs. plant cells. Animal cells don't possess a cell wall, whereas plants practically cannot survive without one. Plants also have a large central vacuole that is fluid filled, and their characteristic chloroplasts which give them their distinct green color.

    Plant cells have these vital differentiations because they are either needed for structure or function. Cell walls are more solid than membranes, giving plants much needed structural integrity. Along that same vein, plants' central vacuoles modulate the turgor of the cell, and by extension the structure. Finally, chloroplasts are the components which enable plants to undergo photosynthesis, and as such are vital to a plant's function. Animals derive energy from substances they ingest, thus have no chloroplasts that create energy. Structural integrity of an animal is specialized in the function of certain cell types like bone cells, whereas plants don't have such a differentiation.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 10:39 pm ad1c9bdddf>
    https://brainmass.com/biology/cell-structure/difference-cells-structure-497556

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