Artificial cells, also known as polymersomes, were engineered by Dan Hammer and Dennis Discher of UPenn and Frank Bates of Univ of Minnesota, who created a special kind of polymer that can be incorporated into polymersomes that act like regular cellular membrane. The polymer is larger and heavier than normal phospholipid molecules found in cells. Since the polymers are engineered to be amphiphilic, that is possessing both hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties, they naturally form a double-layer. Capsules or ...
This solution is provided in 320 words and discusses the engineering of artificial cells, as well as what they can be used for.