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Biology Study Guide

Hi, I have created a study guide for my biology final exam coming up. Please choose which is the correct answer for each question. Thank you.

1. Natural selection is the process by which
a) the age of selected fossils is calculated.
b) organisms with traits well-suited to their environment survive and reproduce more.
c) acquired traits are passed on from one generation to the next.
d) All of the above

2. The organism Quercus phellos(italicized) is a member of the genus
a) plantae
b) phellos(italicized)
c) Quercus (italicized)
d) Protista

3. Poison ivy is also known as Rhus toxicodendron(italicized). Its species is
a) poison
b) Rhus(italicized)
c) ivy
d) toxicodendron(italicized)

4. Scientific names are written in what language?
a) English
b) Greek
c) Arabic
d) Latin

5.Kingdoms are divided into phyla, and a phylum is divided into
a) families
b) classes
c) orders
d) Latin

6. Nearly all single-celled eukaryotes that are either heterotrophic or photosynthetic belong to the kingdom
a) animal
b) fungi
c) plant
d) protista

7. Most multicellular, nucleated autotrophs that carry on photosynthesis belong to the kingdom
a) animal
b) moneran
c) fungi
d) plant

8. Bacteria are the only organisms characterized as
a) unicellular
b) prokaryotic
c) eukaryotic
d) photosynthetic

9. Bacteria lack a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles; therefore, they are classified as
a) prokaryotes
b) aerobes
d) anaerobes
d) eukaryotes

10. A pathogen is an agent that is
a) beneficial to humans
b) harmful only to plants
c) harmful to living organisms
d) nearly extinct

11. We know viruses are not alive because
a) they are not cellular
b) they cannot make proteins
c) they do not have cytoplasm
d) all of the above are true

12. Which of the following is not a viral disease of humans?
a) hepatitis
b) AIDS
c) influenza
d) all of the above are caused by a virus

13. All protozoans
a) are parasites
b) have a nucleus
c) move toward light
d) use flagella to move

14. Pseudopodia (flowing protoplasm) are used for
a) movement by the paramecium
b) movement by the amoebas
c) movement by the Euglena
d) movement by the sporozoans

15. A structure that some protists have that is used to detect light is called a(n)
a) eyespot
b) ganglion
c) food vacuole
d) cilia

16. Autotrophic protists are
a) usually found deep in the oceans
b) always unicellular
c) oftencalled algae
d) All of the above

17. Euglena is an example of a protist that
a) is unicellular
b) is a eukaryote
c) that moves with the aid of flagellul
d) has all of the above

18. Fungi
a) do not contain chloroplasts
b) have cell walls
c) do not produce their own food
d) all of the above

19. In a mushroom, what features characterize the fungi kingdom(the kingdom which a mushroom is a member of)
a) eukaryotic absorbs nutrients
b) aquatic, multicellular
c) autotrophic, ingests nutrients
d) prokaryotic, photosynthetic

20.) Mushrooms are examples of
a) multiceullar fungi
b) unicellular fungi
c) pathogenic fungi
d) a simple plant

21.) An economically important use of fungi is
a) bread making
b) the production of antibiotics
c) food
d) all of the above

22.) Butterflies
a) have no symmetry
b) are bilaterally symmetrical
c) exhibit radial symmetry
d) have reverse symmetry

23.) Sponges obtain food
a) by photosynthesis
b) by using their stinging cells to paralyze protozoa
c) by filtering small organisms from the water
d) by using their tentacles

24.) Which organism captures its prey using stinging cells?
a) a fish
b) a worm
c) a butterfly
d) None of the above

25.) Which of the following is correctly paired?
a) phylum platyhelminthes-hydra
b) phylum nematoda-planaria
c) phylum mollusca-octopus
d) phylum annelida-roundworm

26.) All of the following are examples of the phylum Mollusk except
a) bivalves
b) the squid
c) the water snail
d) the scorpion

27.) Segmented worms are known as
a) nematodes
b) annelids
c) planarians
d) arthropods

28.) Earthworms are considered to be beneficial to the environment because
a) their undigrested wastes contain nutrients
b) they aerate the soil as they move through it.
c) they break up the soil in which they live.
d) all of the above

29.) Tapeworms
a) use hooks and suckers to attach to the intestines of their host
b) are parasitic
c) are in the same phylum as the planaria
d) all of the above

30.) the appendages of arthropods
a) may serve as walking legs
b) may be antennae
c) may be modified into large claws
d) all of the above

31.) Lobsters, insects, and spiders are all examples
a) amphibians
b) vertebrates
c) arthropods
d) monerans

32.) In what way are lobsters similar to spiders?
a) they have jointed appendages
b) they have exoskeletons
c) they have segmented bodies
d) all of the above

33.) Spiders, scorpions, and mites belong to the phylum
a) arthropoda
b) crustacean
c) chordata
d) invertebrata

34.) Spiders typically have
a) three body segments and six legs
b) two body segments and four legs
c) two body segments and eight legs
d) none of the above

38.) The antennae are located at the ____ region of an organism
a) anterior
b) lateral
c) posterior
d) ventral

39.) What part of the body does a fish use to sense the pressure and vibrations in the water?

40.) The swim (air) bladder of a fish
a) stores air for breathing in the fish
b) contains antibodies for the fish
d) helps the fish to rise and sink in the water

41.) Which of the following organisms does not reproduce by a process called external fertilization?
a) the salmon
b) the frog
c) the reptile
d) the sponge

42.) Amphibians must reproduce in water or moist places because their eggs
a) are fertilized externally
b) have a jelly-like coating that is freely permeable to water
c) will dry out if removed from moisture
d) All of the above

43.) Which of the following is a reptilian adaptation to living on land?
a) external fertilization
b) warm blooded
c) breathing with gills
d) the shelled egg

44.) gills : fish ::
a) skin : reptile
b) blood vessels : circulation
c) tree : plant
d) lungs : mammal

45.) The placental mammals are animals that
a) nurse their young with milk
b) have body hair
c) give birth to live young
d) all of the above

46.) A protist may be
a) unicellular and heterotrophic
b) unicellular and autotrophic
c) multicellular and autotrophic
d) all of the above

47.) The kingdom protista includes
a) the paramecium
b) the ameba
c) algae
d) all of the above

48.) dinoflagellates : flagella ::
a) amoebas : flowing protoplasm
b) paramecium : flagella
c) euglena : cilia
d) sporozoan : flagella

49.) All the members of the animal kingdom
a) are heterotrophs
b) are multicellular
c) have cells without cell walls
d) all of the above

50.) Radially symmetrical phyla include all of the following except
a) jellyfish
b) spider
c) hydra
d) sponges

51.) In some animals, ganglia at the anterior end of the animal serve as a primitive
a) eye
b) brain
c) ear
d) mouth

52.) Mammals, as well as birds
a) have teeth
b) are warm blooded
c) are sessile
d) all of the above

53.) Unlike reptiles, mammalian young are dependant on parental care for
a) food
b) protection
c) learning
d) all of the above

54.) Mammals whose offspring remain inside the mother until development is complete are called
a) placental mammals
b) monotremes
c) marsupials
d) all of the above

55.) The placental mammals are animals that
a) nurse their young with milk
b) have body hair
c) give birth to live young
d) all of the above

56.) Mammals that lay eggs are
a) placental mammals
b) pouched mammals
c) monotremes
d) semi-pouched mammals.

57.) Kangaroos and opossums are
a) marsupials
b) monotremes
c) macroscelidea
d) placentals

58.) Reptiles
a) are cold blooded
b) have a body covering of scales
c) have bilateral summetry
d) all of the above

59.) Reptiles respire (breathe) through
a) gills
b) lungs
c) their skin
d) spiracles

60.) Generally, fishes obtain oxygen through their
a) skin
b) lungs
c) gills
d) mantles

61.) The evolution of which a tadpole turns into a frog is called
a) the asexual reproduction of a frog
b) metamorphosis of a frog
c) evolution of a frog
d) synapsis of a frog

Solution Preview

1. Natural selection is the process by which
b) organisms with traits well-suited to their environment survive and reproduce more.

2. The organism Quercus phellos(italicized) is a member of the genus
c) Quercus (italicized)
When such a name given (in binomial nomenclature), it is given as genus then species

3. Poison ivy is also known as Rhus toxicodendron(italicized). Its species is
d) toxicodendron(italicized)

4. Scientific names are written in what language?
d) Latin

5.Kingdoms are divided into phyla, and a phylum is divided into
b) classes
Starting at the top: Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species. So, for example, organisms may belong to the same class, but to different genuses.

6. Nearly all single-celled eukaryotes that are either heterotrophic or photosynthetic belong to the kingdom

d) protista
Animals and plants are multicellular. A heterotroph is an organism that needs organic nutrients like glucose, whereas an autotroph requires can use inorganic material. Protists can be photosynthetic or heterotrophic; and fungi are mostly multicellular.

7. Most multicellular, nucleated autotrophs that carry on photosynthesis belong to the kingdom
d) plant
Animals to not photosynthesize, nor do fungi or monerans.

8. Bacteria are the only organisms characterized as
b) prokaryotic

9. Bacteria lack a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles; therefore, they are classified as
a) prokaryotes ...

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