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    how science influenced the Impressionist artists

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    This is a solution to the question, "How did science influence Impressionist artists?" Anticipating a level of Year 1 (or possibly Year 2), this solution pairs general scientific historical context with the works of Gustave Caillebotte, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Due to the study level, critical theory is not addressed in this solution. All links are open-access and valid as of 5 November 2016.

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    The Impressionists were active during a major scientific revolution. Rail travel and premixed paints provided new settings and saved artists time in the studio. Additionally, photography, evolutionary biology, and a growing interest in physics had an impact on the physical appearance of artworks.

    Photography became increasingly affordable and widespread throughout the nineteenth century. By the late 1860s, artists were using the medium to explore new approaches to painting and printmaking, especially in cropped edges and arbitrary placement of figures. You can find ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution is a detailed explanation of how science influenced the physical appearance of Impressionist artworks. Focusing on three specific scientific and technological issues of the late nineteenth century, this explanation uses the works of Caillebotte, Degas, Monet, and Renoir in slightly over 300 words of text and URLs of open-access reliable sources.