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    Impressionist Painters' Philosophies and Trends

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    Specific works are:

    1) Gustave Caillebotte's "Paris: A Rainy Day"
    2) Edgar Degas's "The Absinthe Drinker"
    3) Eduoard Manet's "Bar at the Folies-Bergeres"

    - A summary of the artists' personal philosophies of art (if they can be found in published sources), the prevailing trends and schools of thought in the art world at the time and in the place the artist was working. For instance, discuss what was taking place in the artist's city, country, and/or church that may have provoked a reaction from the artist or the greater society. Include any information that might help the reader understand the artist's point of view or why the artist made his or her choices in this work of art.

    - An explanation of how the works fit into the context of the time period.

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    Solution Preview

    Please allow some of my notes to help your formation of the essay. Once you write it, please send to us for editing and feedback:

    First, as you assess Gustave Caillebotte's "Paris: A Rainy Day," you might note how it depicts features of Impressionism. In contrast with the other two artists, he seems to be the least prolific according to scholars. One critic deems that his paintings "were placid Impressionist treatments of landscape scenes which displayed little of the virtuosity of Monet and Renoir" (http://wwar.com/masters/c/caillebotte-gustave.html).

    As you look at his personal philosophy and artist traits, please note the "construction of space, distinctive viewpoints, and assertive compositional architecture they rival or outstrip" http://www.artchive.com/artchive/C/caillebotte.html. Research suggests that his art raised category questions because his pieces encompassed traits of "both Impressionist and Academic, modern and conservative, his art made those divisions look rigidly simplistic" He focuses on "dramatically conceived subjects" (http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/citi/object?id=20684&artist=Caillebotte&keyword=) and also raised questions of context.

    Like the other two Impressionists, please note that Caillebotte's art was common with those of 1970s artists "who also challenged the canonical "modern" category" (http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/citi/object?id=20684&artist=Caillebotte&keyword=).

    His work also features a deep emphasis on setting. For example, please note how "Paris Street; Rainy Day," focuses on an intersection "near the Gare Saint-Lazare" (http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/citi/object?id=20684&artist=Caillebotte&keyword). His work is quite meticulous and highly intellectual. As you examine more features and style, please mention how Caillebotte "based the painting's careful organization on mathematical perspective. This monumental urban view, which measures almost seven by ten feet, is considered the artist's masterpiece" (http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/citi/object?id=20684&artist=Caillebotte&keyword=).

    Because Caillebotte's parents were ...

    Solution Summary

    These three pieces are compared and contrasted, including discussion on the artists' personal philosophies and artistic traits and the the prevailing trends at the time. References are provided for this 1,177 word response.