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What was the most important impact of the Crusades on Europe

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Because of the Crusades, Europeans were exposed to various elements of Oriental cultures, and this exposure had a great impact on Europeans who were greatly impressed by some of what they found. What were some of the influences that flowed into Europe as a result of this exposure? Explain which of these you feel had the most profound effect and tell why you think this.

NOTES: First define what the Crusades were and when they took place. "Oriental" in this context refers to the Middle East. As we saw last week in the Silk Road assignment, this area was a crossroads that connected the Mediterranean world to the rest of Asia.

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Search Google on the Internet, and use the search phrase "crusades impact on europe." You will find many, many good sites with information that relates to this topic, all of them with their own focus and information - check several of them. From what you read, choose what *you* believe to be the most influential aspect of the Crusade's impact upon Europe. This question has no right or wrong answer - what matters is going to be the reasons you cite, and the logic you use, and the references you cite, for choosing whichever aspect of the changes that the Crudases brought to Europe that YOU think was the most important aspect.

If I were to answer this question, I would choose that the Crusades' ...

Solution Summary

Web sites with URLs that discuss this topic, the Crusades' impact upon Europe, political, social, military, economic, religious, etc., and advice on how to craft a response to the assignment.

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Charlemagne, the king of the Franks and Lombards came to the throne after the death of his brother Carolman. His father Pepin III divided the kingdom between his two sons. Unlike his brother, Charlemagne proved to be an efficient administrator and conqueror.
Charlemagne extended his empire through military exploits. At a time, when Europe was in a state of disarray, he unified it by the power of the sword and cross. He conquered the Lombards in
Northern Italy, acquired Bavaria and campaigned in Spain and Hungary. He did not call himself emperor but king of Franks and Lombards.
Charlemagne was also an able administrator. He delegated the authority to the local rulers; the Frankish nobles. He allowed the different ethnic groups to keep their distinctive. He secretly viewed the events of his empire through his representatives known as missi dominici
Charlemagne was a great patron of learning. He gathered in his court the finest men of letters. He reformed the palace school and set up monastic schools throughout the empire. The flowering of learning under Charlemagne's patronage has come to be known as the "Carolingian Renaissance."
The empire he established was not known as the Holy Roman Empire but as Carolingian Empire. By establishing a strong government in Western Europe, he paved the way for the development of modern Europe.
Crusades:
Crusades were a military conflict between Christians and Muslims during the middle ages. When Muslims captured Jerusalem, the most sacred place for the Christians, in 1076, there started a military conflict between both.
The first crusade was only successful from the military point of view, but other seven major crusades did not get the desired results. The military confrontations continued upto 200 years (1095-1291). The Crusades had far-reaching political, economic, and social impacts

1.) Discuss the Charlemagne. Why is this period referred to as the Carolingian Renaissance("renaissance" meaning "re-birth"?
Charlemagne was a great emperor in the history of Europe. At a time, when Europe was in a state of disarray, he unified it by the power of sword and cross. Charlemagne, otherwise, known as Charles, the great was born in 742. . His father Pepin III divided the kingdom between his two sons. There were frictions between him and his brother Carolman. When his brother died, Charlemagne became the sole ruler of the kingdom.
While he was in power he began to extend his empire by conquest. He conquered the Lombards in
northern Italy, acquired Bavaria and campaigned in Spain and Hungary. He did not call himself emperor but king of Franks and Lombards.

Charlemagne was also an able administrator. He delegated the authority to the local rulers; the Frankish nobles. He knew very well that his nation consisted of different ethnic groups and he allowed them to keep their distinctive cultures. He himself set up the rules and strictly enforced it. He secretly viewed the events of his empire through his representatives known as missi dominici.
Charlemagne was a great patron of learning. He attracted noted scholars to his court. He gathered in his court the finest men of letters. He reformed the palace school and set up monastic schools throughout the empire. He also copied ancient books. The flowering of learning under Charlemagne's patronage has come to be known as the "Carolingian Renaissance."
Charlemagne became the undisputed leader of Western Europe. The empire he ruled was not known as the Holy Roman Empire but as Carolingian Empire. By establishing a strong government in Western Europe, he paved the way for the development of modern Europe.

2)What were the Crusades and when did they start? What effects did the Crusades have on Western Civilization?

Crusades were a series of military confrontations between Christians and Muslims during the middle ages. In 1076, Muslims captured Jerusalem, the most sacred place of Christianity. On the other hand, Jerusalem was also extremely important for the Muslims, as prophet Mohammad, the founder of Islam had been there. Therefore, catholic church decided to fight against Seljuk Turks. In 1095 Pope Urban II called upon the Europe's lords to wage a holy war against the Muslims and to regain Jerusalem to free the holy land. The first crusade was only successful from the military point of view, but other seven major crusades did not get the desired results. The military confrontations continued upto 200 years(1095-1291).

The Crusades had far-reaching political, economic, and social impacts During the time of crusades, Europe was controlled by Papacy but by 14th century, there began modern states. It also heralded the demise of feudalism. The contact with Muslims for a century led to the enlightenment in Islamic science, medicine, and architecture. European culture was opened to the countries of the world especially Asia. There started increased trade between Europe and middle east. Increased trade brought many new things to Europe which was unknown to them. The acquaintance of Eastern products such as spices encouraged the Europeans to start geographical explorations.

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