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    Compare and contrast ethnic terms

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    From the following list, select 2 pairs of comparisons. You will be selecting a total of 4 items. For each pair, compare the significance, ritual use, or cultural function or purpose. Always include an example of art work for each item, from the internet with a link. Look for interesting similarities and important differences between the items you have selected.

    1) ijele

    2) iwan

    3) nkisi (pl. minkisi)

    4) nkondi (pl. minkondi)

    5) muqarnas

    6) nowo

    7) chattri

    8) dao

    9) bodhisattva

    10) devaraja

    11) garbhagriha

    12) haboku

    13) haniwa

    14) jia

    15) koan

    16) kondo

    17) pagoda

    18) raigo

    19) shikhara

    20) stupa

    21) tanka

    22) taotie

    23) yakshi

    24) Zen

    25) duk duk

    26) kachina

    27) kiva

    28) potlatch

    29) tubuan

    30) tumbaga

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    Kachina dolls are American Indian, particularly from the Hopi tribe.

    From the following Web site: http://www.native-languages.org/kachinas.htm:
    Hopi Kachina Dolls
    These uniquely Hopi artworks are called "dolls," but that is a bit of a misnomer. Kachinas (or katsinas) are actually stylized religious icons, meticulously carved from cottonwood root and painted to represent figures from Hopi mythology. For generations, these figures have been used to teach children about their religion; no Hopi child has ever teethed on a katsina or taken one to bed, and given their price, I doubt any non-Hopi child has either. If you are looking for native-made dolls for children or as cultural collectibles, please visit our Native American dolls page.

    Authentic kachina dolls are made only by Hopi artists. There are plenty of other tribes with their own figurine-carving traditions, but the kachina tradition is unique to the Hopi. When you see Navajo kachinas or Mexican kachinas, those are imitations of the real Hopi kachinas, just as much so as kachinas made by white people or imported from Korea are. Genuine kachina dolls are made by only a small number of Hopi carvers who have dedicated their lives to this art--it takes years of practice and religious study to master kachina carving.

    OTA: while these figures may be doll-sized, they are not dolls. They are similar to Roman Catholic crucifixes - they are religious icons. Originals are very costly, but copies are made for reasonable cost.

    Kivas are also American Indian, particularly from the Ancestral Puebloan Indians, but other tribes also make use of these ceremonial covered gathering places. Kivas can be above ground, partially or completely buried. They are the location for ceremonial Puebloan rites.

    From the following site: http://archaeology.about.com/od/kterms/a/kiva.htm
    A kiva is a special purpose ceremonial buildings used by ...

    Solution Summary

    Discussion of four ethnic terms by meaning, definition, significance and culture. Web references included.