This posting assesses a Greek work of art and one Roman work.
This posting addresses this task:
From the list below, choose one Greek work of art and one Roman work of art and compare and contrast them according to the criteria listed:
Greek Art Roman Art
"Doryphoros" Augustus of Primaporta
The Laocoon Group Bust of a Roman
Nike of Samothrace She-Wolf
Temple of Athena The Colosseum
Parthenon Arch of the Constantine
Answer the following list of questions in a comparative essay to evaluate your choices.
What is the FORM of the work (the overall structure including line, shape, texture, value, color and balance)?
What is the SUBJECT MATTER (what is literally depicted)?
What is the CONTENT (what is the religious, philosophical and/or historical significance)?
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As you research a Greek piece, I really like "The Doryphoros" or "Canon" by Polykleitos. Its form is a 212 cm marble copy that was originally bronze now (http://www.students.sbc.edu/evans06/analysis%20of%20art%20and%20beauty.htm). Its form shows great symmetry. Please note how Polykleitos used "specific proportions for example the ratio head/body size is 1/7" (http://www.students.sbc.edu/evans06/analysis%20of%20art%20and%20beauty.htm) to achieve this sense of balance.
In terms of its shape, you might also note that The Doryphoros is "in a so-called chiastic pose with the weight of the body on one foot, the other flexed and at rest" (http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Arts/Doryphoros.htm) to depict a sense of shape.
It seems to have historical significance because it reflects this notion of symmetry presented by Pythagoras of Samos; "Pythagoreans were concerned with finding ...
This job examines one Greek work of art and one Roman work using research.