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Comparison Between Examples of Greek Art and Roman Art

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This posting assesses a Greek work of art and one Roman work.

This posting addresses this task:

From the list below, choose one Greek work of art and one Roman work of art and compare and contrast them according to the criteria listed:

Greek Art Roman Art

"Doryphoros" Augustus of Primaporta
The Laocoon Group Bust of a Roman
Nike of Samothrace She-Wolf
Temple of Athena The Colosseum
Parthenon Arch of the Constantine

Answer the following list of questions in a comparative essay to evaluate your choices.

What is the FORM of the work (the overall structure including line, shape, texture, value, color and balance)?
What is the SUBJECT MATTER (what is literally depicted)?
What is the CONTENT (what is the religious, philosophical and/or historical significance)?

cite your sources please

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Solution Preview

As you research a Greek piece, I really like "The Doryphoros" or "Canon" by Polykleitos. Its form is a 212 cm marble copy that was originally bronze now (http://www.students.sbc.edu/evans06/analysis%20of%20art%20and%20beauty.htm). Its form shows great symmetry. Please note how Polykleitos used "specific proportions for example the ratio head/body size is 1/7" (http://www.students.sbc.edu/evans06/analysis%20of%20art%20and%20beauty.htm) to achieve this sense of balance.

In terms of its shape, you might also note that The Doryphoros is "in a so-called chiastic pose with the weight of the body on one foot, the other flexed and at rest" (http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Arts/Doryphoros.htm) to depict a sense of shape.

It seems to have historical significance because it reflects this notion of symmetry presented by Pythagoras of Samos; "Pythagoreans were concerned with finding ...

Solution Summary

This job examines one Greek work of art and one Roman work using research.

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The Romans deeply admired Greek art and Roman works SEEM very similar to Greek examples. Can you determine what is different, and distinctively Roman?

Cite at least four examples of where the Romans displayed originality in art and architecture and note what characteristics are Roman as opposed to Greek. Try to explain what factors were present in their culture to foster such originality. Use comparison if it helps.

One of your examples should be the Pantheon.
Please cite your sources.

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