What are the main ideas supporting Ethical Subjectivism and Psychological Egoism? What distinguishes these two theories? Formulate at least one argument for, and one against each of the theories. Cite sources!
Hello and thank you for using Brainmass. The solution below should get you started. If you have any questions, you can use the listed references for further research. Good luck with your studies.
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
Ethical Subjectivism is a meta-ethical view, meaning it seeks to understand the value & elements composing a particular view or position. It proposes that ethical statements refer to propositions and some of these are true and these propositions are attitudes or people expressing them instead of them being 'truths'. These makes ethical positions relative to the attitude & view of a person where truth is viewed in context of the person expressing them. Jacobs (2010), expresses this as such - "...ethical subjectivism begins with personal experiences of the world and ends as human beings generalize these experiences to the world so that a person or group can render definitive judgements about the world. It happens with little things, for example, a person's insistence that pouring cream into a coffee mug before pouring the coffee into it keeps the coffee warmer. Chemists say this is absurd." Essentially then, what this position ...
The solution is a 722-word discussion that discusses ethical subjectivism and psychological egoism. Each of these theories are defined and explained and then differentiated from each other. Support for and argument against each theory is also included. References are listed for expansion. A word version is attached for easy download and digital use.