What is the purpose of a survey. What are three examples of a survey and what potential purpose could each be used for?
How can one work to ensure the participants of a survey will have their responses kept private?
How can one work to ensure that information gained from a survey is unbiased?
Would planning and having ample time to conduct a survey be important? If so, why? If not, why not?
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1. What is the purpose of a survey? What are three examples of a survey and what potential purpose could each be used for?
EXAMPLE 1: National Staff Survey
The purpose of the NHS National Staff Survey
" To improve the working lives of all NHS Staff" The purpose of this survey is to collect staff views about working in their local NHS organistion. The National Staff Survey has replaced the need for staff to complete numerous staff surveys. The survey has been designed to replace trusts' own annual staff surveys, the Department of Health 10 core questions, and the Healthcare Commission
Clinical Governance Review staff surveys.
Trusts are able to use the survey to inform improvements in working conditions and practices at a local level, and to provide information for monitoring Improving Working Lives. The Healthcare Commission use the survey findings in their reviews of the NHS, and to calculate performance indicators which form part of the basis of NHS star ratings. The survey results also enable the Department of Health to assess the effectiveness of national NHS staff policies (such as training and flexible working) and to inform future developments in this area.
EXAMPLE 2: National Survey...Drinking Water
What is the purpose of this survey?
To determine the occurrence, concentration, and seasonal variation of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), other ether oxygenates, and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in community water system (CWS) source water prior to treatment.
Randomly select and sample 954 source-water sites in the United States and Puerto Rico (fig. 1) considering:
MTBE was detected:
One or more VOCs were detected at about one-fourth of the CWS source-water sites sampled.
The most frequently detected VOCs in surface-water sources were chloroform and MTBE (about 14 percent each) (fig. 4).
Chloroform was detected about two times more frequently than MTBE in ground-water sources (fig. 4).
MTBE accounted for two-thirds of all detections of gasoline compounds; however, MTBE seldom was detected with gasoline hydrocarbons.
Other ether oxygenates, including tert-amyl methyl ether (TAME), diisopropyl ether (DIPE), and ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE), rarely were detected. two source-water categories (surface water and ground water); in 24 States; in about 9 percent of all source-water sites sampled;
five times more frequently in MTBE high-use areas than in other areas; generally more frequently in surface-water sources (about 14 percent) than in ground-water sources (about 5 percent); and more frequently in large and very large CWSs (fig. 2). five CWS-size categories based on population served; and number of CWSs and population ...
This solution describes the purpose of a survey and includes three examples of a survey and the purpose of each. By example, it also explains how to protect and ensure the privacy of participant's responses and how to ensure that information gained from a survey is unbiased. It also discusses the importance of planning and having ample time to conduct a survey, and why.