Dr.Chen personally believes that Northerners are much colder and ruder than Southerners; thus he is currently designing a study to test his hypothesis. Which criterion for conducting a scientific research is Dr. Chen violating:
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Objectivity is the extent to which results of study are independent of situation and researcher. Thus Dr Chen is not violating objectivity if he does not let his personal belief influence the results of the study.
Empiricism is "watching the world," relying on careful observation of events to make conclusions Systematic empiricism requires doing those observations in a careful manner in order to answer a specific question. This is not being violated.
Reliability means Degree to which measurements are consistent. Reliability means consistency or dependability of a measure. Thus if a study can be done and its measures are consistent (i.e. a different researcher can do the study and come up with the same conclusion) then it is reliable. This also is not being violated.
A control is a means in research to exclude an explanation of the data. Control means that there is a comparison group or control group. This criterion may be violated as the study may not have other explanations for rudeness and coldness other than being Northerners.
Answer: c. Control© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 5:08 pm ad1c9bdddf>