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5) Select the study that is most appropriate and EXPLAIN WHY it is most appropriate for the study.
a) Is the aspirin produced by a particular pharmaceutical company better than that of a competitor at relieving headaches? Which of the following would best be used to study this: 1) a case-controlled observation; 2) an observation; 3) a double-blind experimental procedure; and 4) and experimental procedure.

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Let us look at each one.

1) Case controlled observation:
This is definitely NOT the way to go. A case study usually is only a few participants. When you are trying to test the performance of a generic vs. the name brand, we can't base our research on only a few people. You need to have hundreds (or more ) people take the drug, in a systematic way, where half the people are given the generic version, and half the people are given aspirin.
Another issue with this method is the "observation". Granted ...

Solution Summary

The solution discusses how a pharmaceutical company that produces aspiring may be better than that of a competitor at relieving headaches.

\$2.19

Statistics Definitions Problem

1) Determine whether the evaluated group is a population or a sample.
a) Based on a randomly selected group of 500 patients with high cholesterol, it was found that 67% have heart disease. Is this a population or a sample? Explain your answer.
b) An investigation of 150 randomly selected local restaurants concluded that 42% of local restaurants have serious health code violations. Is this a population or a sample; explain your answer.

2) Determine whether the given value is a statistic or a parameter.
a) A researcher determines that 42.7% of all downtown office buildings have ventilation problems. Is this a statistic or a parameter? Explain your answer.
b) After taking the first exam, 15 of the students dropped the class. Is this a statistic or a parameter? Explain your answer.

3) Identify the type of sampling used.
a) A tax auditor selects every 1000th income tax return that is received. What type of sample is this and why?
b) The name of each contestant is written on a separate card, and the cards are placed in a bag with three names being picked from the bag. What type of sample is this and why?

4) Is the study experimental or observation and why?
a) A political pollster reports that his candidate has a 10% lead in the polls with 10% undecided.

5) Select the study that is most appropriate and EXPLAIN WHY it is most appropriate for the study.
a) Is the aspirin produced by a particular pharmaceutical company better than that of a competitor at relieving headaches? Which of the following would best be used to study this: 1) a case-controlled observation; 2) an observation; 3) a double-blind experimental procedure; and 4) and experimental procedure.

Chapter Two

1) Identify the following variables as either qualitative or quantitative and EXPLAIN your answers.
a. The number of people on a jury.
b. The color of your house.

2) Identify the number as either continuous or discrete and EXPLAIN your answers.
a. The average height of all freshmen entering college in a certain year is 68.4 inches.
b. The number of limbs on a 2-year-old oak tree is 21.

3) Determine which of the four levels of measurement is most appropriate and explain your answer.
a. Temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit of the ocean at various depths.
b. The rank of individuals in the military.
c. The number of people with blue, brown and red hair in a classroom.

4) Determine the following (show your work):
a. The speed of a new microprocessor is 800MHZ, but a new test of its speed gives a measurement of 820MHZ. What is the absolute error? What is the relative error?
b. Convert 1/16 to a percent
c. Convert 0.45 to a percent
d. Humanities majors spend an average of \$115 per course on books. Mathematics majors spend an average of \$70 per course on books.
What is the percent difference between the two amounts relative to the amount for mathematics majors (round to the nearest percent)?
e. Suppose that the cost of a statistics text was \$50 in 1985 and is \$100 in 2000. What is the "Statistics Text Index" number, rounded to the nearest tenth, for the 2000 edition with the 1985 price as the reference value?

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