Read the "Universal Human Rights" article found on pgs. 229-231 and answer the following question: Are violations of human rights excusable in time of war? In the aftermath of serious terrorist attacks such as those of September 11, 2001? Why or why not?
Universal Human Rights, Terrorism & Torture
"Deciding how to respond to acts of torture and terrorism is one of the critical issues of our time. But sadly, our response is limited by two factors, one ethical and one political."
- Max Stackhouse, 1986
The UN Convention against Torture has been enacted since 1987. Since 1948, when the UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a universal law against torture has been enacted which in theory should affect all member nations and their citizens. Article 5 states -
"No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment."
There are varied other international treaties that have been enacted and adopted by the international community to prevent and combat the use of torture. Two of these are the United Nations Convention against Torture and the Geneva Conventions III & IV. The US has ratified the UN treaty and as of June 2008, 145 nations have become parties to the convention against torture although some have not ratified. The International ...
The solution is a 606-word essay that discusses the questions listed in the original problem in relation to human rights, terrorism and state of war.References are listed for expansion. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing.