In what ways do racial and ethnic biases affect the identification and evaluation of students with disabilities? How does mainstream culture affect educators' ability to see and accommodate differences in students?
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AE 105878/Xenia Jones
On Bias and Discrimination in Education:
Bias is the inherent propensity in individuals and groups, according to their personalities and socialization, that lead them to hold specific perspectives and prejudgement against others, on events, concepts and ideas at the expense of equally valid alternatives. For instance, if you have been raised to like vanilla ice cream and it has become your favourite, you are more than likely going to be biased in declaring that vanilla is better than chocolate. Bias, therefore, is a subjective position, making individuals who hold specific biases discriminate against other perspectives. Cognitive bias more often than not leads normally rational thinkers to decisions and judgments that are discriminatory. Often they are influenced by factors like wrong interpretation, motivation, and social influence. In the case of special education, in particular the actions and decisions taken by educators who should normally be rational in their decisions, I believe that it is often cognitive bias that comes into play to lead educators to biased positions against or for students with disability, in particular in terms of their identification.
Bias and Student Evaluation:
How do we define students with disability? Students with disability are those who maybe handicapped in the ...
The solution provides information, assistance and advise on the topic of racial and ethnic bias and their impact on identification of disability in students. The solution is in the form of an essay. Resources are listed.