Explore BrainMass

Distinguish among prejudice, ethnocentrism, and racism

This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

1. Distinguish among prejudice, ethnocentrism, and racism. Distinguish between (individual) discrimination and institutional discrimination and give an example of each concept. Define color-blind racism and explain why many believe it is a form of covert racism.

2. What are hate crimes? Give some examples. To what extent are they a problem in the U.S.?

3. What is the glass ceiling? Give some examples. How prevalent is it in the United States today?

4. What are some of the unspoken privileges of White people, as described by Peggy McIntosh? Give some examples

© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com March 22, 2019, 3:18 am ad1c9bdddf

Solution Preview

1. Prejudice - preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
Ethnocentrism - the belief in the inherent superiority of one's own ethnic group or culture.
Racism - a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human racial groups determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one's own race is superior and has the right to dominate others or that a particular racial group is inferior to the others. (www.dictionary.reference.com)

"Individual discrimination is when an individual member of a race treats a person of a different race negatively. When people counter claims of racism with "But Blacks can be racist, too!" this is what they mean. Anyone can hold a negative attitude toward a different race and act on that attitude.

Institutional discrimination refers to dominant (White-run) institutions (legal system, schools, housing, corporations) whose policies intentionally differentiate by race or harm members of a certain race. Many see the Trayvon Martin case not as a matter of George ...

Solution Summary

This solution will outline the definitions for terms related to racism. Prejudice, ethnocentrism and racism are distinguished.